Blood and brain biochemistry and behaviour in NTBC and dietary treated tyrosinemia type 1 mice

van Ginkel, W. G., van Vliet, D., van der Goot, E., Faassen, M. H. J. R., Vogel, A., Heiner-Fokkema, M. R., van der Zee, E. A. & van Spronsen, F. J., 16-Oct-2019, In : Nutrients. 11, 10, 13 p., 2486.

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  • Blood and Brain Biochemistry and Behaviour in NTBC and Dietary Treated Tyrosinemia Type 1 Mice

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Tyrosinemia type 1 (TT1) is a rare metabolic disease caused by a defect in the tyrosine degradation pathway. Neurocognitive deficiencies have been described in TT1 patients, that have, among others, been related to changes in plasma large neutral amino acids (LNAA) that could result in changes in brain LNAA and neurotransmitter concentrations. Therefore, this project aimed to investigate plasma and brain LNAA, brain neurotransmitter concentrations and behavior in C57 Bl/6 fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase deficient (FAH-/-) mice treated with 2-(2-nitro-4-trifluoromethylbenoyl)-1,3-cyclohexanedione (NTBC) and/or diet and wild-type mice. Plasma and brain tyrosine concentrations were clearly increased in all NTBC treated animals, even with diet (p <0.001). Plasma and brain phenylalanine concentrations tended to be lower in all FAH-/- mice. Other brain LNAA, were often slightly lower in NTBC treated FAH-/- mice. Brain neurotransmitter concentrations were usually within a normal range, although serotonin was negatively correlated with brain tyrosine concentrations (p <0.001). No clear behavioral differences between the different groups of mice could be found. To conclude, this is the first study measuring plasma and brain biochemistry in FAH-/- mice. Clear changes in plasma and brain LNAA have been shown. Further research should be done to relate the biochemical changes to neurocognitive impairments in TT1 patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2486
Number of pages13
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 16-Oct-2019


  • tyrosinemia type 1, FAH, mice, large neutral amino acids, brain biochemistry, phenylalanine, tyrosine, NTBC, SUBSTRATE-INHIBITION, RAT-BRAIN, HYDROXYLASE, METABOLISM, DEFICIENCY, TRANSPORT, DOPAMINE

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