Bending rules: The shape of the perceptual generalisation gradient is sensitive to inference rulesBoddez, Y., Bennett, M. P., van Esch, S. & Beckers, T., 2017, In : Cognition and Emotion. 31, 7, p. 1444-1452 9 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review
Generalising what is learned about one stimulus to other but perceptually related stimuli is a basic behavioural phenomenon. We evaluated whether a rule learning mechanism may serve to explain such generalisation. To this end, we assessed whether inference rules communicated through verbal instructions affect generalisation. Expectancy ratings, but not valence ratings, proved sensitive to this manipulation. In addition to revealing a role for inference rules in generalisation, our study has clinical implications as well. More specifically, we argue that targeting inference rules might prove to be an effective strategy to affect the excessive generalisation that is often observed in psychopathology.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Cognition and Emotion|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|
- Associative learning, aversive learning, cognitive processes, generalisation, rule learning, EXPECTANCY, MODULATION, STIMULUS-GENERALIZATION, CONDITIONED FEAR, HUMANS, ANXIETY, MODEL, ASSOCIATIONS, EXTINCTION, PROPOSITIONS