Before the Iron Age: The oldest settlements in the hinterland of the Sibaritide (Calabria, Italy)

Ippolito, F., 2016, [Groningen]: Rijksuniversiteit Groningen. 410 p.

Research output: ThesisThesis fully internal (DIV)Academic

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  • Francesca Ippolito
Being part of a broader research project into the Bronze Age settlement dynamics of the Sibaritide and its hinterland, carried out within the framework of the Raganello Archaeological Project (RAP) of the Groningen Institute of Archaeology (GIA), this thesis focuses on the protohistoric pottery data collected at sites investigated in the initial stages of the RAP and that excavated during the investigations by the GIA at the protohistoric settlement of Timpone della Motta at Francavilla Marittima. In order to contextualize the pottery, I carried out a preliminary reconstruction of its territorial context, discussing possible landscape archaeology approaches.
The study starts out with a summary of current knowledge on pre- and protohistoric settlements in the Sibaritide. In the literature only little evidence exists for human settlement during the period between the Neolithic and the beginning of the Bronze Age. However, from the Middle Bronze Age 2 onwards a high number of sites is recorded distributed throughout the hilly strip surrounding the Sybaris Plain. Based above all on the research of Renato Peroni and his team, it appears that the development of Middle Bronze Age settlements was followed in the Recent Bronze Age by a slight decrease in the number of sub-coastal sites oriented towards the more hilly internal area; in the Final Bronze Age the number of sites in the internal highlands increases, and at the same time there is a significant growth in size of a few larger settlements that are strategically placed overlooking the plain. Peroni argued that these political and economic changes reflect the establishing of a hierarchic territorial organization that would develop further in the Iron Age.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Attema, Peter, Supervisor
  • Pacciarelli, Marco, Supervisor, External person
  • Guidi, A., Assessment committee, External person
  • Voutsaki, Sofia, Assessment committee
  • Burgers, Gert-Jan, Assessment committee
Award date20-Oct-2016
Place of Publication[Groningen]
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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