Publication

Ballast Water Risk Indication for the North Sea

van der Meer, R., de Boer, M. K., Liebich, V., ten Hallers, C., Veldhuis, M. & Ree, K., 2016, In : Ocean & Coastal Management. 44, 6, p. 547-568 22 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

APA

van der Meer, R., de Boer, M. K., Liebich, V., ten Hallers, C., Veldhuis, M., & Ree, K. (2016). Ballast Water Risk Indication for the North Sea. Ocean & Coastal Management, 44(6), 547-568. https://doi.org/10.1080/08920753.2016.1233794

Author

van der Meer, Ruurd ; de Boer, M. Karin ; Liebich, Viola ; ten Hallers, Cato ; Veldhuis, Marcel ; Ree, Karin. / Ballast Water Risk Indication for the North Sea. In: Ocean & Coastal Management. 2016 ; Vol. 44, No. 6. pp. 547-568.

Harvard

van der Meer, R, de Boer, MK, Liebich, V, ten Hallers, C, Veldhuis, M & Ree, K 2016, 'Ballast Water Risk Indication for the North Sea', Ocean & Coastal Management, vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 547-568. https://doi.org/10.1080/08920753.2016.1233794

Standard

Ballast Water Risk Indication for the North Sea. / van der Meer, Ruurd; de Boer, M. Karin; Liebich, Viola; ten Hallers, Cato; Veldhuis, Marcel; Ree, Karin.

In: Ocean & Coastal Management, Vol. 44, No. 6, 2016, p. 547-568.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Vancouver

van der Meer R, de Boer MK, Liebich V, ten Hallers C, Veldhuis M, Ree K. Ballast Water Risk Indication for the North Sea. Ocean & Coastal Management. 2016;44(6):547-568. https://doi.org/10.1080/08920753.2016.1233794


BibTeX

@article{5bfb9a52e448407db1a5bb76fbf4054d,
title = "Ballast Water Risk Indication for the North Sea",
abstract = "The ballast water from ships carries marine organisms that have invasive potential. The International Maritime Organization Ballast Water Management Convention (2004) requires ballast water exchange or ballast water management (BWM) systems either onboard or ashore. Ships can be exempted on the basis of risk assessment, when exclusively sailing between specific ports or in an enclosed area. In reply to our questionnaire, the shipping sector argues that the North Sea is ecologically homogeneous and exemptions could therefore be granted. This paper proposes that the North Sea area is, in fact, not homogeneous in terms of hydrographical and biological conditions; therefore, ballast water is a relevant transport mechanism for organisms. Within the North Sea, the short shipping routes indicate a high risk for survival. We examined actual simulation models for ballast water risk assessment in the North Sea, and we have identified the major parameters that need to be included in such models. These models provided a basis; they further need to be combined and adapted for the purpose of evaluating the rationale for an exemption. We concluded that exemptions from BWM are not recommended for the North Sea area. Anticipating the Ballast Water Management Convention, ship owners might do well to study possibilities for installing BWM systems onboard.",
keywords = "ballast water management, non-indigenous species, North Sea, risk assessment, PROPAGULE PRESSURE, COASTAL ECOSYSTEMS, SHIP MOVEMENTS, MARINE, INVASIONS, BIODIVERSITY, MANAGEMENT, ESTUARIES, TRANSPORT, ECOLOGY",
author = "{van der Meer}, Ruurd and {de Boer}, {M. Karin} and Viola Liebich and {ten Hallers}, Cato and Marcel Veldhuis and Karin Ree",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1080/08920753.2016.1233794",
language = "English",
volume = "44",
pages = "547--568",
journal = "Ocean & Coastal Management",
issn = "1873-524X",
publisher = "ELSEVIER SCI LTD",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ballast Water Risk Indication for the North Sea

AU - van der Meer, Ruurd

AU - de Boer, M. Karin

AU - Liebich, Viola

AU - ten Hallers, Cato

AU - Veldhuis, Marcel

AU - Ree, Karin

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - The ballast water from ships carries marine organisms that have invasive potential. The International Maritime Organization Ballast Water Management Convention (2004) requires ballast water exchange or ballast water management (BWM) systems either onboard or ashore. Ships can be exempted on the basis of risk assessment, when exclusively sailing between specific ports or in an enclosed area. In reply to our questionnaire, the shipping sector argues that the North Sea is ecologically homogeneous and exemptions could therefore be granted. This paper proposes that the North Sea area is, in fact, not homogeneous in terms of hydrographical and biological conditions; therefore, ballast water is a relevant transport mechanism for organisms. Within the North Sea, the short shipping routes indicate a high risk for survival. We examined actual simulation models for ballast water risk assessment in the North Sea, and we have identified the major parameters that need to be included in such models. These models provided a basis; they further need to be combined and adapted for the purpose of evaluating the rationale for an exemption. We concluded that exemptions from BWM are not recommended for the North Sea area. Anticipating the Ballast Water Management Convention, ship owners might do well to study possibilities for installing BWM systems onboard.

AB - The ballast water from ships carries marine organisms that have invasive potential. The International Maritime Organization Ballast Water Management Convention (2004) requires ballast water exchange or ballast water management (BWM) systems either onboard or ashore. Ships can be exempted on the basis of risk assessment, when exclusively sailing between specific ports or in an enclosed area. In reply to our questionnaire, the shipping sector argues that the North Sea is ecologically homogeneous and exemptions could therefore be granted. This paper proposes that the North Sea area is, in fact, not homogeneous in terms of hydrographical and biological conditions; therefore, ballast water is a relevant transport mechanism for organisms. Within the North Sea, the short shipping routes indicate a high risk for survival. We examined actual simulation models for ballast water risk assessment in the North Sea, and we have identified the major parameters that need to be included in such models. These models provided a basis; they further need to be combined and adapted for the purpose of evaluating the rationale for an exemption. We concluded that exemptions from BWM are not recommended for the North Sea area. Anticipating the Ballast Water Management Convention, ship owners might do well to study possibilities for installing BWM systems onboard.

KW - ballast water management

KW - non-indigenous species

KW - North Sea

KW - risk assessment

KW - PROPAGULE PRESSURE

KW - COASTAL ECOSYSTEMS

KW - SHIP MOVEMENTS

KW - MARINE

KW - INVASIONS

KW - BIODIVERSITY

KW - MANAGEMENT

KW - ESTUARIES

KW - TRANSPORT

KW - ECOLOGY

U2 - 10.1080/08920753.2016.1233794

DO - 10.1080/08920753.2016.1233794

M3 - Article

VL - 44

SP - 547

EP - 568

JO - Ocean & Coastal Management

JF - Ocean & Coastal Management

SN - 1873-524X

IS - 6

ER -

ID: 38800918