Publication

Availability, use, and affordability of medicines in urban China under universal health coverage: An empirical study in Hangzhou and Baoji

Huang, Y., Jiang, Y., Zhang, L., Mao, W., van Boven, J. F. M., Postma, M. J. & Chen, W., 27-Mar-2018, In : BMC Health Services Research. 18, 1, 10 p., 218.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

APA

Huang, Y., Jiang, Y., Zhang, L., Mao, W., van Boven, J. F. M., Postma, M. J., & Chen, W. (2018). Availability, use, and affordability of medicines in urban China under universal health coverage: An empirical study in Hangzhou and Baoji. BMC Health Services Research, 18(1), [218]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-018-2993-1

Author

Huang, Yunyu ; Jiang, Youfen ; Zhang, Luying ; Mao, Wenhui ; van Boven, Job F M ; Postma, Maarten J ; Chen, Wen. / Availability, use, and affordability of medicines in urban China under universal health coverage : An empirical study in Hangzhou and Baoji. In: BMC Health Services Research. 2018 ; Vol. 18, No. 1.

Harvard

Huang, Y, Jiang, Y, Zhang, L, Mao, W, van Boven, JFM, Postma, MJ & Chen, W 2018, 'Availability, use, and affordability of medicines in urban China under universal health coverage: An empirical study in Hangzhou and Baoji', BMC Health Services Research, vol. 18, no. 1, 218. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-018-2993-1

Standard

Availability, use, and affordability of medicines in urban China under universal health coverage : An empirical study in Hangzhou and Baoji. / Huang, Yunyu; Jiang, Youfen; Zhang, Luying; Mao, Wenhui; van Boven, Job F M; Postma, Maarten J; Chen, Wen.

In: BMC Health Services Research, Vol. 18, No. 1, 218, 27.03.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Vancouver

Huang Y, Jiang Y, Zhang L, Mao W, van Boven JFM, Postma MJ et al. Availability, use, and affordability of medicines in urban China under universal health coverage: An empirical study in Hangzhou and Baoji. BMC Health Services Research. 2018 Mar 27;18(1). 218. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-018-2993-1


BibTeX

@article{33ac3ee7bfc8473a834335f62aaddb2e,
title = "Availability, use, and affordability of medicines in urban China under universal health coverage: An empirical study in Hangzhou and Baoji",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine the availability, use, and affordability of medicines in urban China following the 2009 Health Care System Reform that included implementation of universal health coverage (UHC).METHODS: This longitudinal study was performed in Hangzhou (high income, eastern China) and Baoji (lower income, western China). Five yearly household surveys were conducted (one each year from 2009 to 2013) to evaluate the impact of UHC on medicines use and expenditure, and a health facility survey was conducted in 2013 to evaluate availability of medicines. A cohort of over 800 households in Hangzhou and Baoji was established in 2009, and 20 hospitals were included in the health facility survey. Medicines use was determined using data from health facility and household surveys. An average, two-week out-of-pocket medicines expenditure was calculated to assess the affordability of medicines.RESULTS: The number of medicines stocked in primary health facilities in Hangzhou decreased, while the number in Baoji increased. In Baoji, patients usually chose a pharmacy to buy medicines directly, despite the 48.2% increased availability of essential medicines in primary health care centers. The majority of survey respondents stated that their medicines need was basically met; however, medicines cost still accounted for a major part of their health expenditure. Medicines expenditure showed an increasing trend from 2009 to 2013. The average annual growth rate of household overall medical expenditure was significantly higher than that for household non-food consumption expenditure.CONCLUSIONS: Following China's Health Care System Reform and implementation of UHC, availability and use of medicines has improved in urban areas. However, the affordability of medicines is still a concern.",
keywords = "Medicines, Availability, Use, Affordability, Urban China, Universal health coverage, SHAANXI PROVINCE, MORAL HAZARD, DRUG-USE, INSURANCE, REFORM, PRICES, ACCESS, SYSTEM, POLICY, EXPERIENCE",
author = "Yunyu Huang and Youfen Jiang and Luying Zhang and Wenhui Mao and {van Boven}, {Job F M} and Postma, {Maarten J} and Wen Chen",
year = "2018",
month = mar,
day = "27",
doi = "10.1186/s12913-018-2993-1",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
journal = "BMC Health Services Research",
issn = "1472-6963",
publisher = "BioMed Central Ltd.",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Availability, use, and affordability of medicines in urban China under universal health coverage

T2 - An empirical study in Hangzhou and Baoji

AU - Huang, Yunyu

AU - Jiang, Youfen

AU - Zhang, Luying

AU - Mao, Wenhui

AU - van Boven, Job F M

AU - Postma, Maarten J

AU - Chen, Wen

PY - 2018/3/27

Y1 - 2018/3/27

N2 - BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine the availability, use, and affordability of medicines in urban China following the 2009 Health Care System Reform that included implementation of universal health coverage (UHC).METHODS: This longitudinal study was performed in Hangzhou (high income, eastern China) and Baoji (lower income, western China). Five yearly household surveys were conducted (one each year from 2009 to 2013) to evaluate the impact of UHC on medicines use and expenditure, and a health facility survey was conducted in 2013 to evaluate availability of medicines. A cohort of over 800 households in Hangzhou and Baoji was established in 2009, and 20 hospitals were included in the health facility survey. Medicines use was determined using data from health facility and household surveys. An average, two-week out-of-pocket medicines expenditure was calculated to assess the affordability of medicines.RESULTS: The number of medicines stocked in primary health facilities in Hangzhou decreased, while the number in Baoji increased. In Baoji, patients usually chose a pharmacy to buy medicines directly, despite the 48.2% increased availability of essential medicines in primary health care centers. The majority of survey respondents stated that their medicines need was basically met; however, medicines cost still accounted for a major part of their health expenditure. Medicines expenditure showed an increasing trend from 2009 to 2013. The average annual growth rate of household overall medical expenditure was significantly higher than that for household non-food consumption expenditure.CONCLUSIONS: Following China's Health Care System Reform and implementation of UHC, availability and use of medicines has improved in urban areas. However, the affordability of medicines is still a concern.

AB - BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine the availability, use, and affordability of medicines in urban China following the 2009 Health Care System Reform that included implementation of universal health coverage (UHC).METHODS: This longitudinal study was performed in Hangzhou (high income, eastern China) and Baoji (lower income, western China). Five yearly household surveys were conducted (one each year from 2009 to 2013) to evaluate the impact of UHC on medicines use and expenditure, and a health facility survey was conducted in 2013 to evaluate availability of medicines. A cohort of over 800 households in Hangzhou and Baoji was established in 2009, and 20 hospitals were included in the health facility survey. Medicines use was determined using data from health facility and household surveys. An average, two-week out-of-pocket medicines expenditure was calculated to assess the affordability of medicines.RESULTS: The number of medicines stocked in primary health facilities in Hangzhou decreased, while the number in Baoji increased. In Baoji, patients usually chose a pharmacy to buy medicines directly, despite the 48.2% increased availability of essential medicines in primary health care centers. The majority of survey respondents stated that their medicines need was basically met; however, medicines cost still accounted for a major part of their health expenditure. Medicines expenditure showed an increasing trend from 2009 to 2013. The average annual growth rate of household overall medical expenditure was significantly higher than that for household non-food consumption expenditure.CONCLUSIONS: Following China's Health Care System Reform and implementation of UHC, availability and use of medicines has improved in urban areas. However, the affordability of medicines is still a concern.

KW - Medicines

KW - Availability

KW - Use

KW - Affordability

KW - Urban China

KW - Universal health coverage

KW - SHAANXI PROVINCE

KW - MORAL HAZARD

KW - DRUG-USE

KW - INSURANCE

KW - REFORM

KW - PRICES

KW - ACCESS

KW - SYSTEM

KW - POLICY

KW - EXPERIENCE

U2 - 10.1186/s12913-018-2993-1

DO - 10.1186/s12913-018-2993-1

M3 - Article

C2 - 29587742

VL - 18

JO - BMC Health Services Research

JF - BMC Health Services Research

SN - 1472-6963

IS - 1

M1 - 218

ER -

ID: 56320208