Attitude toward protest uniquely predicts (normative and nonnormative) political action by (advantaged and disadvantaged) group members

Sweetman, J., Maio, G. R., Spears, R., Manstead, A. S. R. & Livingstone, A. G., May-2019, In : Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 82, p. 115-128 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

  • Joseph Sweetman
  • Gregory R. Maio
  • Russell Spears
  • Antony S. R. Manstead
  • Andrew G. Livingstone

We find evidence that explicit (but not implicit) measures of general attitude towards protest uniquely predict normative and nonnormative political action tendencies, and behavior, over and above extant models of political action. Protest attitude uniquely predicts both the political action tendencies of members of disadvantaged groups and willingness to engage in solidarity-based action on behalf of such groups. Furthermore, we find some evidence that protest attitude is able to account for the effects of mobilization messages over a political issue; these messages increase political action tendencies by making attitude towards protest more positive. The results indicate that overall attitude toward protest reflects a wide array of affective, cognitive, and behavioral factors associated with protest that more specific, established predictors of collective political action do not tap. As such, general protest attitude offers an important addition to extant models of collective political action and efforts to examine the psychological processes underpinning political cognition and action.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-128
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Experimental Social Psychology
Early online date13-Feb-2019
Publication statusPublished - May-2019


  • Collective political action, Attitudes, Implicit social cognition, Social identity, Expectancy-value, Nonnormative action, IMPLICIT ASSOCIATION TEST, GROUP-BASED ANGER, COLLECTIVE ACTION, METAANALYSIS, BEHAVIOR, PERSONALITY, CONSISTENCY, MODERATOR, COGNITION, MOVEMENT

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