Associations between high factor VIII and low free protein S levels with traditional arterial thrombotic risk factors and their risk on arterial thrombosis: Results from a retrospective family cohort studyMulder, R., van Schouwenburg, I. M., Mahmoodi, B. K., Veeger, N. J. G. M., Mulder, A. B., Middeldorp, S., Kluin-Nelemans, H. C. & Lijfering, W. M., Oct-2010, In : Thrombosis Research. 126, 4, p. E249-E254 6 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review
Introduction: Whether high factor (F)VIII and low free protein S levels are risk factors for arterial thrombosis is unclarified.
Material and Methods: In a post-hoc analysis of a single-centre retrospective family cohort, we determined if these two proteins could increase the risk of arterial thrombosis. In total, 1399 relatives were analysed.
Results: Annual incidence in relatives with high FVIII levels was 0.29% (95%CI, 0.22-0.38) compared to 0.13% (95%CI, 0.09-0.19) in relatives with normal FVIII levels. In relatives with low free protein S levels, this risk was 0.26% (95%CI, 0.16-0.40), compared to 0.14% (95%CI, 0.10-0.20) in relatives with normal free protein S levels. Mean FVIII levels adjusted for age and sex were 11 IU/dL, 18 IU/dL, and 21 IU/dL higher in relatives with hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and obesity as compared to relatives without these arterial thrombotic risk factors. Moreover, a dose response relation between increasing FVIII and body mass index was found. None of these associations were shown for free protein S.
Conclusions: High FVIII and low free protein S levels seemed to be mild risk factors for arterial thrombosis. High FVIII levels were particularly observed in relatives with traditional arterial thrombotic risk factors. Free protein S levels were not influenced by these thrombotic risk factors. This assumes that low free protein S levels were genetically determined. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - Oct-2010|
- Arterial thrombosis, Factor VIII, Free protein S, Traditional arterial thrombotic risk factors, CORONARY-HEART-DISEASE, VON-WILLEBRAND-FACTOR, DEEP-VEIN THROMBOSIS, ORAL-CONTRACEPTIVES, VENOUS THROMBOSIS, DEFICIENCY, ATHEROSCLEROSIS, INFLAMMATION, PREGNANCY, PLATELETS