Association of Diabetes Mellitus on Cardiac Remodeling, Quality of Life, and Clinical Outcomes in Heart Failure With Reduced and Preserved Ejection Fraction

ASIAN-HF Asian Sudden Cardiac Deat, Yap, J., Tay, W. T., Teng, T-H. K., Anand, I., Richards, A. M., Ling, L. H., MacDonald, M. R., Chandramouli, C., Tromp, J. & Siswanto, B. B., 3-Sep-2019, In : Journal of the American Heart Association. 8, 17, 19 p., 013114.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

  • ASIAN-HF Asian Sudden Cardiac Deat
  • Jonathan Yap
  • Wan Ting Tay
  • Tiew-Hwa Katherine Teng
  • Inder Anand
  • A. Mark Richards
  • Lieng Hsi Ling
  • Michael R. MacDonald
  • Chanchal Chandramouli
  • Jasper Tromp
  • Bambang B. Siswanto

Background-Diabetes mellitus frequently coexists with heart failure (HF), but few studies have compared the associations between diabetes mellitus and cardiac remodeling, quality of life, and clinical outcomes, according to HF phenotype.

Methods and Results-We compared echocardiographic parameters, quality of life (assessed by the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire), and outcomes (1-year all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, and HF hospitalization) between HF patients with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus in the prospective ASIAN-HF (Asian Sudden Cardiac Death in Heart Failure) Registry, as well as community-based controls without HF. Adjusted Cox proportional hazards models were used to assess the association of diabetes mellitus with clinical outcomes. Among 5028 patients with HF and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF; EF = 50%), the prevalences of type 2 diabetes mellitus were 40.2% and 45.0%, respectively (P=0.003). In both HFrEF and HFpEF cohorts, diabetes mellitus (versus no diabetes mellitus) was associated with smaller indexed left ventricular diastolic volumes and higher mitral E/e' ratio. There was a predominance of eccentric hypertrophy in HFrEF and concentric hypertrophy in HFpEF. Patients with diabetes mellitus had lower Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire scores in both HFpEF and HFrEF, with more prominent differences in HFpEF (P-interaction0.05).

Conclusions-In HFpEF and HFrEF, type 2 diabetes mellitus is associated with smaller left ventricular volumes, higher mitral E/e' ratio, poorer quality of life, and worse outcomes, with several differences noted between HF phenotypes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number013114
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 3-Sep-2019


  • diabetes mellitus, diabetic cardiomyopathy, echocardiography, heart failure, preserved left ventricular function, GLYCATION END-PRODUCTS, AUTONOMIC NEUROPATHY, INSULIN, ATHEROSCLEROSIS, CARDIOMYOPATHY, HYPERTROPHY, DYSFUNCTION, PREVALENCE, IRBESARTAN, REGISTRY

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