Assessing the prevalence of modifiable risk factors in older patients visiting an ED due to a fall using the CAREFALL Triage Instrument

van Nieuwenhuizen, R. C., van Dijk, N., van Breda, F. G., Scheffer, A. C., Korevaar, J. C., van der Cammen, T. J., Lips, P., Goslings, J. C., de Rooij, S. E. & CAREFALL Study Grp, Nov-2010, In : American journal of emergency medicine. 28, 9, p. 994-1001 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

  • Roos C. van Nieuwenhuizen
  • Nynke van Dijk
  • Fenna G. van Breda
  • Alice C. Scheffer
  • Johanna C. Korevaar
  • Tischa J. van der Cammen
  • Paul Lips
  • Johannes C. Goslings
  • Sophia E. de Rooij
  • CAREFALL Study Grp

Objective: Falls in older people are a common presenting complaint. Knowledge of modifiable risk factors may lead to a more tailored approach to prevent recurrent falls and/or fractures. We investigated prevalence of 8 modifiable risk factors for recurrent falling and/or a serious consequence of the fall among older patients visiting the emergency department after a fall with the Combined Amsterdam and Rotterdam Evaluation of Falls Triage Instrument (CTI), a self-administrated questionnaire that consists of questions concerning demographics, possible cause(s) of the fall, and questions relating to (modifiable) risk factors for falling.

Methods: After treatment for their injuries, 1077 consecutive patients 65 years or older visiting the accident and emergency department due to a fall were evaluated by the CTI. The following were assessed: impaired vision, mobility disorder, fear of falling, mood disorder, high risk of osteoporosis, orthostatic hypotension, incontinence, and polypharmacy.

Results: The percentage of respondents who returned the questionnaire was 59.3%. The mean (SD) age was 78.5 (7.5) years, and 57.8% experienced a fall with serious consequences. There were 60.9% of patients with a recurrent fall versus 51% with a first fall who experienced with a serious consequence (P = .025). Age and risk factors mobility disorder (odds ratio [OR], 1.9; 95% confidence interval [Cl], 1.1-3.3), high risk of osteoporosis (OR, 2.0; 95% Cl, 1.2-3.2), incontinence (OR, 1.7; 95% Cl, 1.0-2.7), fear of falling (OR, 2.2; 95% Cl, 1.3-3.7), and orthostatic hypotension (OR, 2.4; 95% Cl, 1.4-4.2) were independently associated with a recurrent fall. Age and high risk of osteoporosis were the only risk factors predicting a serious consequence of a fall (OR, 4.6; 95% Cl, 2.9-7.2).

Conclusions: Age and 5 modifiable risk factors assessed with the CTI were independently associated with a recurrent fall. Only high risk of osteoporosis was associated with a serious consequence. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)994-1001
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican journal of emergency medicine
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Nov-2010
Externally publishedYes



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