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Ascorbic acid promotes a TGFβ1-induced myofibroblast phenotype switch

Piersma, B., Wouters, O. Y., de Rond, S., Boersema, M., Gjaltema, R. A. F. & Bank, R. A., 13-Sep-2017, In : Physiological Reports. 5, 17, 10 p., e13324.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

l-Ascorbic acid (AA), generally known as vitamin C, is a crucial cofactor for a variety of enzymes, including prolyl-3-hydroxylase (P3H), prolyl-4-hydroxylase (P4H), and lysyl hydroxylase (LH)-mediated collagen maturation. Here, we investigated whether AA has additional functions in the regulation of the myofibroblast phenotype, besides its function in collagen biosynthesis. We found that AA positively influences TGFβ1-induced expression of COL1A1, ACTA2, and COL4A1 Moreover, we demonstrated that AA promotes αSMA stress fiber formation as well as the synthesis and deposition of collagens type I and IV Additionally, AA amplified the contractile phenotype of the myofibroblasts, as seen by increased contraction of a 3D collagen lattice. Moreover, AA increased the expression of several TGFβ1-induced genes, including DDR1 and CCN2 Finally, we demonstrated that the mechanism of AA action seems independent of Smad2/3 signaling.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13324
Number of pages10
JournalPhysiological Reports
Volume5
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 13-Sep-2017

    Keywords

  • DIFFERENTIATION, HYDROXYPROLINE, PROCOLLAGEN N-PROTEINASE, VITAMIN-C, TRIPLE-HELIX, STEM-CELLS, TGF-BETA, COLLAGEN, FIBROBLASTS, 5-HYDROXYMETHYLCYTOSINE, myofibroblast, TGF1, Ascorbic acid, collagen, fibrosis

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