Antinuclear autoantibodies are more prevalent in COPD in association with low body mass index but not with smoking historyBonarius, H. P. J., Brandsma, C. A., Kerstjens, H. A. M., Koerts, J. A., Kerkhof, M., Nizankowska-Mogilnicka, E., Roozendaal, C., Postma, D. S. & Timens, W., Feb-2011, In : Thorax. 66, 2, p. 101-107 7 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review
Background Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with a higher prevalence of antinuclear autoantibodies (ANAs). However, a significant subgroup of patients is ANA negative. It remains to be determined which patient groups carry autoantibodies.
Methods The association of smoking behaviour, disease status, gender, age and body mass index (BMI) with the presence of autoantibodies in the serum was determined in 124 patients with COPD and 108 non-COPD control subjects. In addition, the role of B cells in autoantibody generation in COPD was investigated by sequencing the antibody repertoire of B cells in the lungs of patients with COPD and of ex-smoking and never-smoking control subjects.
Results Patients with COPD had a significantly higher risk of being serum positive for ANAs (OR 3.12, 95% CI 1.68 to 5.76, p
Conclusion The results show that COPD is a heterogeneous disease with respect to the prevalence of ANAs. ANAs are primarily associated with the presence of COPD and with low BMI, but not with smoking and forced expiratory volume in 1 s.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - Feb-2011|
- OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY-DISEASE, B-CELL TOLERANCE, GENERAL-POPULATION, INDUCED EMPHYSEMA, DNA