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Antigen design enhances the immunogenicity of Semliki Forest virus-based therapeutic human papillomavirus vaccines

Ip, P. P., Boerma, A., Walczak, M., Oosterhuis, K., Haanen, J. B., Schumacher, T. N., Nijman, H. W. & Daemen, T., Jul-2015, In : Gene Therapy. 22, 7, p. 560-567 8 p.

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  • Antigen design enhances the immunogenicity of Semliki Forest virus-based therapeutic human papillomavirus vaccines

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DOI

Cellular immunity against cancer can be achieved with viral vector-and DNA-based immunizations. In preclinical studies, cancer vaccines are very potent, but in clinical trials these potencies are not achieved yet. Thus, a rational approach to improve cancer vaccines is warranted. We previously demonstrated that the relatively low intrinsic immunogenicity of DNA vaccines could be enhanced by inclusion of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) targeting and universal helper epitopes within the vaccine. We now evaluated whether an optimal antigen format, as defined in DNA vaccines, can further enhance the effectiveness of recombinant Semliki Forest virus (rSFV) vaccines. To this purpose, we generated, characterized and evaluated the efficacy of rSFV replicon particles expressing human papillomavirus E6 and/or E7 proteins fused to several helper T-cell epitopes and an ER targeting signal. Here, we show that inclusion of a helper cassette and an ER targeting signal enhanced protein stability and markedly augmented the frequencies of human papillomavirus-specific T cells. Even at an immunization dose of as low as 105 replicon particles, this novel vaccine achieved tumor regression and protection. Thus, even highly effective viral vector vaccines can benefit from an improved antigen format, based on the inclusion of defined helper epitopes and ER targeting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)560-567
Number of pages8
JournalGene Therapy
Volume22
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul-2015

    Keywords

  • CD4(+) T-CELLS, CERVICAL-CANCER, INTRAEPITHELIAL NEOPLASIA, ENDOPLASMIC-RETICULUM, CD4+T-CELL IMMUNITY, PARTICLE VACCINE, DNA VACCINES, TYPE-16, RESPONSES, E7

ID: 17734831