Anisotropic spin relaxation in graphene

Tombros, N., Tanabe, S., Veligura, A., Jozsa, C., Popinciuc, M., Jonkman, H. T. & van Wees, B. J., 25-Jul-2008, In : Physical Review Letters. 101, 4, 4 p., 046601.

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Spin relaxation in graphene is investigated in electrical graphene spin valve devices in the nonlocal geometry. Ferromagnetic electrodes with in-plane magnetizations inject spins parallel to the graphene layer. They are subject to Hanle spin precession under a magnetic field B applied perpendicular to the graphene layer. Fields above 1.5 T force the magnetization direction of the ferromagnetic contacts to align to the field, allowing injection of spins perpendicular to the graphene plane. A comparison of the spin signals at B = 0 and B = 2 T shows a 20% decrease in spin relaxation time for spins perpendicular to the graphene layer compared to spins parallel to the layer. We analyze the results in terms of the different strengths of the spin-orbit effective fields in the in-plane and out-of-plane directions and discuss the role of the Elliott-Yafet and Dyakonov-Perel mechanisms for spin relaxation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number046601
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 25-Jul-2008



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