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Angiopoietin/Tie2 Dysbalance Is Associated with Acute Kidney Injury after Cardiac Surgery Assisted by Cardiopulmonary Bypass

Jongman, R. M., van Klarenbosch, J., Molema, G., Zijlstra, J. G., de Vries, A. J. & van Meurs, M., 26-Aug-2015, In : PLoS ONE. 10, 8, 12 p., e0136205.

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Introduction

The pathophysiology of acute kidney injury (AKI) after cardiac surgery is not completely understood. Recent evidence suggests a pivotal role for the endothelium in AKI. In experimental models of AKI, the endothelial specific receptor Tie2 with its ligands Angiopoietin (Ang) 1 and Ang2 are deranged. This study investigates their status after cardiac surgery, and a possible relation between angiopoietins and AKI.

Methods

From a cohort of 541 patients that underwent cardiac surgery, blood and urine was collected at 5 predefined time points. From this cohort we identified 21 patients who had at least 50% post-operative serum creatinine increase (AKI). We constructed a control group (n = 21) using propensity matching. Systemic levels of Ang1, Ang2, and sTie2 were measured in plasma and the AKI markers albumin, kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) and N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (NAG) were measured in the urine.

Results

Ang2 plasma levels increased over time in AKI (from 4.2 to 11.6 ng/ml) and control patients (from 3.0 to 6.7 ng/ml). Ang2 levels increased 1.7-fold more in patients who developed AKI after cardiac surgery compared to matched control patients. Plasma levels of sTie2 decreased 1.6-fold and Ang1 decreased 3-fold over time in both groups, but were not different between AKI and controls (Ang1 P = 0.583 and sTie2 P = 0.679). Moreover, we found a positive correlation between plasma levels of Ang2 and urinary levels of NAG.

Conclusions

The endothelial Ang/Tie2 system is in dysbalance in patients that develop AKI after cardiac surgery compared to matched control patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0136205
Number of pages12
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume10
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 26-Aug-2015

    Keywords

  • ORGAN DYSFUNCTION SYNDROME, TUMOR-NECROSIS-FACTOR, ENDOTHELIAL-CELLS, LEVELS INCREASE, MORTALITY, INFLAMMATION, SURVIVAL, SEPSIS, ALPHA, SHOCK

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