Publication

Analysis of bacterial communities in soil by use of denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis and clone libraries, as influenced by different reverse primers

Brons, J. & van Elsas, J. D., May-2008, In : Applied Environmental Microbiology. 74, 9, p. 2717-2727 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

To assess soil bacterial diversity, PCR systems consisting of several slightly different reverse primers together with forward primer F968-GC were used along with subsequent denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) or clone library analyses. In this study, a set of 13 previously used and novel reverse primers was tested with the canonical forward primer as to the DGGE fingerprints obtained from grassland soil. Analysis of these DGGE profiles by GelCompar showed that they all fell into two main clusters separated by a G/A alteration at position 14 in the reverse primer used. To assess differences between the dominant bacteria amplified, we then produced four (100-membered) 16S rRNA gene clone libraries by using reverse primers with either an A or a G at position 14, designated R1401-1a, R1401-1b, R1401-2a, and R1401-2b. Subsequent sequence analysis revealed that, on the basis of the about 410-bp sequence information, all four primers amplified similar, as well as different (including novel), bacterial groups from soil. Most of the clones fell into two main phyla, Firmicutes and Proteobacteria. Within Firmicutes, the majority of the clones belonged to the genus Bacillus. Within Proteobacteria, the majority of the clones fell into the alpha or gamma subgroup whereas a few were delta and beta proteobacteria. The other phyla found were Actinobacteria, Acidobacteria, Verrucomicrobia, Chloroflexi, Gemmatimonadetes, Chlorobi, Bacteroidetes, Chlamydiae, candidate division TM7, Ferribacter, Cyanobacteria, and Deinococcus. Statistical analysis of the data revealed that reverse primers R1401-1b and R1401-1a both produced libraries with the highest diversities yet amplified different types. Their concomitant use is recommended.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2717-2727
Number of pages11
JournalApplied Environmental Microbiology
Volume74
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - May-2008

    Keywords

  • POLYMERASE-CHAIN-REACTION, 16S RIBOSOMAL-RNA, SINGLE-BASE CHANGES, DNA FRAGMENTS, MICROBIAL ECOLOGY, GC-CLAMP, SUBSTITUTIONS, POPULATIONS, SEPARATION, DIVERSITY

ID: 1669520