An unusual red-edge excitation and time-dependent Stokes shift in the single tryptophan mutant protein DD-carboxypeptidase from Streptomyces: The role of dynamics and tryptophan rotamers

Maglia, G., Jonkheer, A., De Maeyer, M., Frere, JM. & Engelborghs, Y., Feb-2008, In : Protein Science. 17, 2, p. 352-361 10 p.

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The fluorescence emission of the single tryptophan (W233) of the mutant protein DD-carboxypeptidase from streptomyces is characterized by a red-edge excitation shift (REES), i.e., the phenomenon that the wavelength of maximum emission depends on the excitation wavelength. This phenomenon is an indication for a strongly reduced dynamic environment of the single tryptophan, which has a very low accessibility to the solvent. The REES shows, however, an unusual temperature and time dependence. This, together with the fluorescence lifetime analysis, showing three resolvable lifetimes, can be explained by the presence of three rotameric states that can be identified using the Dead-End Elimination method. The three individual lifetimes increase with increasing emission wavelength, indicating the presence of restricted protein dynamics within the rotameric states. This is confirmed by time-resolved anisotropy measurements that show dynamics within the rotamers but not among the rotamers. The global picture is that of a protein with a single buried tryptophan showing strongly restricted dynamics within three distinct rotameric states with different emission spectra and an anisotropic environment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)352-361
Number of pages10
JournalProtein Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb-2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Tryptophan, fluorescence, lifetime, red-edge excitation shift, DD peptidase

ID: 36008595