Publication

An integrated perspective on the relation between response speed and intelligence

van Ravenzwaaij, D., Brown, S. & Wagenmakers, E-J., Jun-2011, In : Cognition. 119, 3, p. 381-393 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

APA

van Ravenzwaaij, D., Brown, S., & Wagenmakers, E-J. (2011). An integrated perspective on the relation between response speed and intelligence. Cognition, 119(3), 381-393. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2011.02.002

Author

van Ravenzwaaij, Don ; Brown, Scott ; Wagenmakers, Eric-Jan. / An integrated perspective on the relation between response speed and intelligence. In: Cognition. 2011 ; Vol. 119, No. 3. pp. 381-393.

Harvard

van Ravenzwaaij, D, Brown, S & Wagenmakers, E-J 2011, 'An integrated perspective on the relation between response speed and intelligence', Cognition, vol. 119, no. 3, pp. 381-393. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2011.02.002

Standard

An integrated perspective on the relation between response speed and intelligence. / van Ravenzwaaij, Don; Brown, Scott; Wagenmakers, Eric-Jan.

In: Cognition, Vol. 119, No. 3, 06.2011, p. 381-393.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Vancouver

van Ravenzwaaij D, Brown S, Wagenmakers E-J. An integrated perspective on the relation between response speed and intelligence. Cognition. 2011 Jun;119(3):381-393. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2011.02.002


BibTeX

@article{7dbe01c476b049beb040cbded3c72a23,
title = "An integrated perspective on the relation between response speed and intelligence",
abstract = "Research in the field of mental chronometry and individual differences has revealed several robust regularities (Jensen, 2006). These include right-skewed response time (RT) distributions, the worst performance rule, correlations with general intelligence (g) that are more pronounced for RT standard deviations (RTSD) than they are for RT means (RTm), an almost perfect linear relation between individual differences in RTSD and RTm, linear Brinley plots, and stronger correlations between g and inspection time (IT) than between g and RTm. Here we show how all these regularities are manifestations of a single underlying relationship, when viewed through the lens of Ratcliff’s diffusion model (Ratcliff, 1978, Ratcliff et al., 2008). The single underlying relationship is between individual differences in general intelligence and individual differences in “drift rate”, which is just the speed of information processing in Ratcliff’s model. We also test and confirm a strong prediction of the diffusion model, namely that the worst performance rule generalizes to phenomena outside of the field of intelligence. Our approach provides an integrative perspective on intelligence findings.",
keywords = "DIFFUSION-MODEL ANALYSIS, PERCEPTUAL DECISION-MAKING, REACTION-TIME VARIABILITY, WORST PERFORMANCE RULE, INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES, PROCESSING-SPEED, BRIGHTNESS-DISCRIMINATION, 2-CHOICE DECISIONS, INSPECTION TIME, BASAL GANGLIA",
author = "{van Ravenzwaaij}, Don and Scott Brown and Eric-Jan Wagenmakers",
year = "2011",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1016/j.cognition.2011.02.002",
language = "English",
volume = "119",
pages = "381--393",
journal = "Cognition",
issn = "0010-0277",
publisher = "ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - An integrated perspective on the relation between response speed and intelligence

AU - van Ravenzwaaij, Don

AU - Brown, Scott

AU - Wagenmakers, Eric-Jan

PY - 2011/6

Y1 - 2011/6

N2 - Research in the field of mental chronometry and individual differences has revealed several robust regularities (Jensen, 2006). These include right-skewed response time (RT) distributions, the worst performance rule, correlations with general intelligence (g) that are more pronounced for RT standard deviations (RTSD) than they are for RT means (RTm), an almost perfect linear relation between individual differences in RTSD and RTm, linear Brinley plots, and stronger correlations between g and inspection time (IT) than between g and RTm. Here we show how all these regularities are manifestations of a single underlying relationship, when viewed through the lens of Ratcliff’s diffusion model (Ratcliff, 1978, Ratcliff et al., 2008). The single underlying relationship is between individual differences in general intelligence and individual differences in “drift rate”, which is just the speed of information processing in Ratcliff’s model. We also test and confirm a strong prediction of the diffusion model, namely that the worst performance rule generalizes to phenomena outside of the field of intelligence. Our approach provides an integrative perspective on intelligence findings.

AB - Research in the field of mental chronometry and individual differences has revealed several robust regularities (Jensen, 2006). These include right-skewed response time (RT) distributions, the worst performance rule, correlations with general intelligence (g) that are more pronounced for RT standard deviations (RTSD) than they are for RT means (RTm), an almost perfect linear relation between individual differences in RTSD and RTm, linear Brinley plots, and stronger correlations between g and inspection time (IT) than between g and RTm. Here we show how all these regularities are manifestations of a single underlying relationship, when viewed through the lens of Ratcliff’s diffusion model (Ratcliff, 1978, Ratcliff et al., 2008). The single underlying relationship is between individual differences in general intelligence and individual differences in “drift rate”, which is just the speed of information processing in Ratcliff’s model. We also test and confirm a strong prediction of the diffusion model, namely that the worst performance rule generalizes to phenomena outside of the field of intelligence. Our approach provides an integrative perspective on intelligence findings.

KW - DIFFUSION-MODEL ANALYSIS

KW - PERCEPTUAL DECISION-MAKING

KW - REACTION-TIME VARIABILITY

KW - WORST PERFORMANCE RULE

KW - INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES

KW - PROCESSING-SPEED

KW - BRIGHTNESS-DISCRIMINATION

KW - 2-CHOICE DECISIONS

KW - INSPECTION TIME

KW - BASAL GANGLIA

U2 - 10.1016/j.cognition.2011.02.002

DO - 10.1016/j.cognition.2011.02.002

M3 - Article

C2 - 21420077

VL - 119

SP - 381

EP - 393

JO - Cognition

JF - Cognition

SN - 0010-0277

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 27953088