Publication

An electrophysiological signature of summed similarity in visual working memory

Van Vugt, M. K., Sekuler, R., Wilson, H. R. & Kahana, M. J., May-2013, In : Journal of Experimental Psychology. General. 142, 2, p. 412-425 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Summed-similarity models of short-term item recognition posit that participants base their judgments of an item's prior occurrence on that item's summed similarity to the ensemble of items on the remembered list. We examined the neural predictions of these models in 3 short-term recognition memory experiments using electrocorticographic/depth electrode recordings and scalp electroencephalography. On each experimental trial, participants judged whether a test face had been among a small set of recently studied faces. Consistent with summed-similarity theory, participants' tendency to endorse a test item increased as a function of its summed similarity to the items on the just-studied list. To characterize this behavioral effect of summed similarity, we successfully fit a summed-similarity model to individual participant data from each experiment. Using the parameters determined from fitting the summed-similarity model to the behavioral data, we examined the relation between summed similarity and brain activity. We found that 4-9 Hz theta activity in the medial temporal lobe and 2-4 Hz delta activity recorded from frontal and parietal cortices increased with summed similarity. These findings demonstrate direct neural correlates of the similarity computations that form the foundation of several major cognitive theories of human recognition memory. © 2012 American Psychological Association.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)412-425
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology. General
Volume142
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - May-2013

    Keywords

  • summed similarity, oscillations, recognition memory, EEG, RECOGNITION MEMORY, SYNTHETIC FACES, TEMPORAL-LOBE, RANDOM-WALK, OSCILLATIONS, MODEL, CLASSIFICATION, FMRI, REPRESENTATION, PATTERNS

View graph of relations

ID: 5851684