Amylose-Coated Biohybrid Microgels by Phosphorylase-Catalyzed Grafting-From PolymerizationGau, E., Flecken, F., Belthle, T., Ambarwati, M., Loos, K. & Pich, A., Aug-2019, In : Macromolecular Rapid Communications. 40, 16, e1900144.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review
Herein, the synthesis of amylose-coated, temperature-responsive poly(N-vinylcaprolactam) (VCL)-based copolymer microgels by enzyme-catalyzed grafting-from polymerization with phosphorylase b from rabbit muscle is reported. The phosphorylase is able to recognize the oligosaccharide maltoheptaose as primer and attach glucose units from the monomer glucose-1-phosphate to it, thereby forming amylose chains while releasing inorganic phosphate. Therefore, to enable the phosphorylase-catalyzed grafting-from polymerization of glucose-1-phosphate from the PVCL-based microgels, the maltoheptaose primer is covalently attached to the microgel in the first synthesis step. This is realized by adding N-(2-aminoethyl)methacrylamide (AEMAA) as a comonomer to the PVCL microgel to integrate primary amino groups and subsequent coupling of maltoheptaonolactone. Both the PVCL/AEMAA microgel as well as the obtained microgel-maltoheptaose construct are characterized in detail by dynamic light scattering, electrophoretic mobility measurements, IR spectroscopy, and atomic force microscopy. From the microgel-maltoheptaose construct, the grafting-from polymerization of glucose-1-phosphate is performed by the addition of phosphorylase b. Atomic force microscopy images clearly demonstrate the formation of an amylose shell around the microgels. The developed amylose-coated microgels open up promising application possibilities, for example, as colloidal scavengers, since amylose helices can serve as host molecules for inclusion of hydrophobic guest molecules.
|Journal||Macromolecular Rapid Communications|
|Early online date||4-Jun-2019|
|Publication status||Published - Aug-2019|