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Amoxicillin concentrations in relation to beta-lactamase activity in sputum during exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Brusse-Keizer, M., VanderValk, P., van der Zanden, R. W., Nijdam, L., van der Palen, J., Hendrix, R. & Movig, K., 3-Mar-2015, In : International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. 10, 1, p. 455-461 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

  • Marjolein Brusse-Keizer
  • Paul VanderValk
  • Rogier W. van der Zanden
  • Lars Nijdam
  • Job van der Palen
  • Ron Hendrix
  • Kris Movig

Background: Acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are often treated with antibiotics. Theoretically, to be maximally effective, the antibiotic concentration at sites of infection should exceed the minimum inhibitory concentration at which 90% of the growth of potential pathogens is inhibited (MIC90). A previous study showed that most hospitalized COPD patients had sputum amoxicillin concentrations MIC90.

Methods: In total, 23 patients hospitalized for acute exacerbations of COPD and treated with amoxicillin/clavulanic acid were included. Sputum and serum samples were collected at day 3 of treatment to determine beta-lactamase activity in sputum and amoxicillin concentrations in both sputum and serum.

Results: We found no difference in beta-lactamase activity between patients with sputum amoxicillin concentrations MIC90 (P=0.79). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed no significant relationship between beta-lactamase activity and sputum amoxicillin concentrations = MIC90 (odds ratio 0.53; 95% confidence interval 0.23-1.2; P=0.13). Amoxicillin concentrations were

Conclusion: In patients treated with amoxicillin/clavulanic acid for an acute exacerbation of COPD, sputum beta-lactamase activity did not differ between those with sputum amoxicillin concentrations = MIC90. The finding that the majority of patients had sputum amoxicillin concentrations

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)455-461
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Volume10
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 3-Mar-2015

    Keywords

  • chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, exacerbation, amoxicillin, clavulanic acid, MIC90, concentration, RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL, ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS, CHRONIC-BRONCHITIS, CLAVULANIC ACID, PENETRATION, COPD, ANTIBIOTICS, DISPOSITION, AMOXYCILLIN, BACTERIA

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