Amoxicillin concentrations in relation to beta-lactamase activity in sputum during exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseaseBrusse-Keizer, M., VanderValk, P., van der Zanden, R. W., Nijdam, L., van der Palen, J., Hendrix, R. & Movig, K., 3-Mar-2015, In : International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. 10, 1, p. 455-461 7 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review
Background: Acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are often treated with antibiotics. Theoretically, to be maximally effective, the antibiotic concentration at sites of infection should exceed the minimum inhibitory concentration at which 90% of the growth of potential pathogens is inhibited (MIC90). A previous study showed that most hospitalized COPD patients had sputum amoxicillin concentrations MIC90.
Methods: In total, 23 patients hospitalized for acute exacerbations of COPD and treated with amoxicillin/clavulanic acid were included. Sputum and serum samples were collected at day 3 of treatment to determine beta-lactamase activity in sputum and amoxicillin concentrations in both sputum and serum.
Results: We found no difference in beta-lactamase activity between patients with sputum amoxicillin concentrations MIC90 (P=0.79). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed no significant relationship between beta-lactamase activity and sputum amoxicillin concentrations = MIC90 (odds ratio 0.53; 95% confidence interval 0.23-1.2; P=0.13). Amoxicillin concentrations were
Conclusion: In patients treated with amoxicillin/clavulanic acid for an acute exacerbation of COPD, sputum beta-lactamase activity did not differ between those with sputum amoxicillin concentrations = MIC90. The finding that the majority of patients had sputum amoxicillin concentrations
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease|
|Publication status||Published - 3-Mar-2015|
- chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, exacerbation, amoxicillin, clavulanic acid, MIC90, concentration, RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL, ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS, CHRONIC-BRONCHITIS, CLAVULANIC ACID, PENETRATION, COPD, ANTIBIOTICS, DISPOSITION, AMOXYCILLIN, BACTERIA