Publication

Adult attachment predicts the seven-year course of recurrent depression in primary care

Conradi, H. J., Kamphuis, J. H. & de Jonge, P., 1-Jan-2018, In : Journal of Affective Disorders. 225, p. 160-166 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

APA

Conradi, H. J., Kamphuis, J. H., & de Jonge, P. (2018). Adult attachment predicts the seven-year course of recurrent depression in primary care. Journal of Affective Disorders, 225, 160-166. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2017.08.009

Author

Conradi, Henk Jan ; Kamphuis, Jan H ; de Jonge, Peter. / Adult attachment predicts the seven-year course of recurrent depression in primary care. In: Journal of Affective Disorders. 2018 ; Vol. 225. pp. 160-166.

Harvard

Conradi, HJ, Kamphuis, JH & de Jonge, P 2018, 'Adult attachment predicts the seven-year course of recurrent depression in primary care', Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 225, pp. 160-166. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2017.08.009

Standard

Adult attachment predicts the seven-year course of recurrent depression in primary care. / Conradi, Henk Jan; Kamphuis, Jan H; de Jonge, Peter.

In: Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 225, 01.01.2018, p. 160-166.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Vancouver

Conradi HJ, Kamphuis JH, de Jonge P. Adult attachment predicts the seven-year course of recurrent depression in primary care. Journal of Affective Disorders. 2018 Jan 1;225:160-166. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2017.08.009


BibTeX

@article{1da08b32ac3843af95d109f2d81e0933,
title = "Adult attachment predicts the seven-year course of recurrent depression in primary care",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Attachment theory posits that attachment has a persistent, long-term impact on depression. Empirical data on associations between adult attachment and the long-term course of depression is, however, scarce. The present study addresses this omission.METHOD: Primary care patients with a history of depression (n = 103) completed the Experiences in Close Relationships questionnaire measuring adult attachment dimensions (avoidance and anxiety) and styles (secure, preoccupied, dismissing and fearful). The subsequent seven-year course of depression was assessed with the face-to-face administered Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) and a life-chart interview based on the Longitudinal Interval Follow-up Evaluation (LIFE). At the end of the seven-year follow-up severity of depression was additionally measured with the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI).RESULTS: The attachment dimensions avoidance and anxiety both showed significant associations during the seven-year course with lower proportions of depressive symptom-free time and higher severity of depression (LIFE and BDI). The secure style predicted compared to preoccupied attachment a significantly higher proportion of symptom-free time (4.97 vs. 1.10 years), compared to dismissing attachment a higher proportion of symptom-free time (4.97 vs. 2.20 years) and lower severity of depression (LIFE: 1.65 vs. 2.14; BDI 6.04 vs. 9.52), and compared to fearful attachment a lower relapse/recurrence rate (45.7{\%} vs. 76.9{\%}), higher proportions of depression diagnosis-free time (7.31 vs. 6.65 years) and symptom-free time (4.97 vs. 0.29 years), and lower severity of depression (LIFE: 1.65 vs. 2.19; BDI 6.04 vs. 15.54).LIMITATIONS: Sample size was restricted.CONCLUSION: Insecure attachment predicts an unfavorable course of depression over a seven-year period.",
keywords = "Journal Article, COUPLES, STYLE, COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL THERAPY, QUESTIONNAIRE, SYMPTOMS, DISORDER, VALIDITY",
author = "Conradi, {Henk Jan} and Kamphuis, {Jan H} and {de Jonge}, Peter",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jad.2017.08.009",
language = "English",
volume = "225",
pages = "160--166",
journal = "Journal of Affective Disorders",
issn = "0165-0327",
publisher = "ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Adult attachment predicts the seven-year course of recurrent depression in primary care

AU - Conradi, Henk Jan

AU - Kamphuis, Jan H

AU - de Jonge, Peter

N1 - Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - BACKGROUND: Attachment theory posits that attachment has a persistent, long-term impact on depression. Empirical data on associations between adult attachment and the long-term course of depression is, however, scarce. The present study addresses this omission.METHOD: Primary care patients with a history of depression (n = 103) completed the Experiences in Close Relationships questionnaire measuring adult attachment dimensions (avoidance and anxiety) and styles (secure, preoccupied, dismissing and fearful). The subsequent seven-year course of depression was assessed with the face-to-face administered Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) and a life-chart interview based on the Longitudinal Interval Follow-up Evaluation (LIFE). At the end of the seven-year follow-up severity of depression was additionally measured with the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI).RESULTS: The attachment dimensions avoidance and anxiety both showed significant associations during the seven-year course with lower proportions of depressive symptom-free time and higher severity of depression (LIFE and BDI). The secure style predicted compared to preoccupied attachment a significantly higher proportion of symptom-free time (4.97 vs. 1.10 years), compared to dismissing attachment a higher proportion of symptom-free time (4.97 vs. 2.20 years) and lower severity of depression (LIFE: 1.65 vs. 2.14; BDI 6.04 vs. 9.52), and compared to fearful attachment a lower relapse/recurrence rate (45.7% vs. 76.9%), higher proportions of depression diagnosis-free time (7.31 vs. 6.65 years) and symptom-free time (4.97 vs. 0.29 years), and lower severity of depression (LIFE: 1.65 vs. 2.19; BDI 6.04 vs. 15.54).LIMITATIONS: Sample size was restricted.CONCLUSION: Insecure attachment predicts an unfavorable course of depression over a seven-year period.

AB - BACKGROUND: Attachment theory posits that attachment has a persistent, long-term impact on depression. Empirical data on associations between adult attachment and the long-term course of depression is, however, scarce. The present study addresses this omission.METHOD: Primary care patients with a history of depression (n = 103) completed the Experiences in Close Relationships questionnaire measuring adult attachment dimensions (avoidance and anxiety) and styles (secure, preoccupied, dismissing and fearful). The subsequent seven-year course of depression was assessed with the face-to-face administered Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) and a life-chart interview based on the Longitudinal Interval Follow-up Evaluation (LIFE). At the end of the seven-year follow-up severity of depression was additionally measured with the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI).RESULTS: The attachment dimensions avoidance and anxiety both showed significant associations during the seven-year course with lower proportions of depressive symptom-free time and higher severity of depression (LIFE and BDI). The secure style predicted compared to preoccupied attachment a significantly higher proportion of symptom-free time (4.97 vs. 1.10 years), compared to dismissing attachment a higher proportion of symptom-free time (4.97 vs. 2.20 years) and lower severity of depression (LIFE: 1.65 vs. 2.14; BDI 6.04 vs. 9.52), and compared to fearful attachment a lower relapse/recurrence rate (45.7% vs. 76.9%), higher proportions of depression diagnosis-free time (7.31 vs. 6.65 years) and symptom-free time (4.97 vs. 0.29 years), and lower severity of depression (LIFE: 1.65 vs. 2.19; BDI 6.04 vs. 15.54).LIMITATIONS: Sample size was restricted.CONCLUSION: Insecure attachment predicts an unfavorable course of depression over a seven-year period.

KW - Journal Article

KW - COUPLES

KW - STYLE

KW - COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL THERAPY

KW - QUESTIONNAIRE

KW - SYMPTOMS

KW - DISORDER

KW - VALIDITY

U2 - 10.1016/j.jad.2017.08.009

DO - 10.1016/j.jad.2017.08.009

M3 - Article

VL - 225

SP - 160

EP - 166

JO - Journal of Affective Disorders

JF - Journal of Affective Disorders

SN - 0165-0327

ER -

ID: 54883402