Adenosine receptors in COPD and asymptomatic smokers: effects of smoking cessationVersluis, M., ten Hacken, N., Postma, D., Barroso, B., Rutgers, B., Geerlings, M., Willemse, B., Timens, W. & Hylkema, M., Mar-2009, In : Virchows Archiv. 454, 3, p. 273-281 9 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review
Our group has shown that 1-year smoking cessation persisted or increased airway inflammation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We compared adenosine and adenosine receptor (AR) expression in COPD and asymptomatic smokers (AS) before and after 1-year smoking cessation. Sputum cytospins and bronchial biopsies of (ex)smoking COPD patients and AS were studied for A(1)R, A(2A)R, A(2B)R, and A(3)R expression. Adenosine and inflammatory mediators were measured in sputum supernatants. At baseline, COPD patients had lower levels of adenosine and higher levels of vascular endothelial growth factor in sputum than AS. Smoking cessation induced significantly different effects in COPD than in AS, i.e. an increase in percentages of A(3)R expressing neutrophils and A(1)R expressing macrophages in COPD as increase in adenosine and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 levels in sputum. Adenosine-related effector mechanisms may contribute to the persistence and progression of airway inflammation in COPD following 1-year smoking cessation.
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - Mar-2009|
- Adenosine, Adenosine receptors, COPD, Smoking cessation, OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY-DISEASE, ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH-FACTOR, AIRWAY INFLAMMATION, BRONCHOALVEOLAR LAVAGE, BRONCHITIS-TYPE, LUNG HEALTH, ASTHMA, 5'-MONOPHOSPHATE, RESPONSIVENESS, INTERVENTION