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Accurate late gadolinium enhancement prediction by early T1-based quantitative synthetic mapping

van Dijk, R., Kuijpers, D., Kaandorp, T. A. M., van Dijkman, P. R. M., Vliegenthart, R., van der Harst, P. & Oudkerk, M., Feb-2018, In : European Radiology. 28, 2, p. 844-850 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

OBJECTIVES: Early synthetic gadolinium enhancement (ESGE) imaging from post-contrast T1 mapping after adenosine stress-perfusion cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) was compared to conventional late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) imaging for assessing myocardial scar.

METHODS: Two hundred fourteen consecutive patients suspected of myocardial ischaemia were referred for stress-perfusion CMR. Myocardial infarct volume was quantified on a per-subsegment basis in both synthetic (2-3 min post-gadolinium) and conventional (9 min post-gadolinium) images by two independent observers. Sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV were calculated on a per-patient and per-subsegment basis.

RESULTS: Both techniques detected 39 gadolinium enhancement areas in 23 patients. The median amount of scar was 2.0 (1.0-3.1) g in ESGE imaging and 2.2 (1.1-3.1) g in LGE imaging (p=0.39). Excellent correlation (r=0.997) and agreement (mean absolute difference: -0.028±0.289 ml) were found between ESGE and LGE images. Sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV of ESGE imaging were 96 (78.9-99.9), 99 (97.1-100.0)%, 96 (76.5-99.4) and 99.5 (96.6-99.9) in patient-based and 99 (94.5-100.0), 100 (99.9-100.0)%, 97.0 (91.3-99.0) and 100.0 (99.8-100.0) in subsegment-based analysis.

CONCLUSION: ESGE based on post-contrast T1 mapping after adenosine stress-perfusion CMR imaging shows excellent agreement with conventional LGE imaging for assessing myocardial scar, and can substantially shorten clinical acquisition time.

KEY POINTS: • Synthetic gadolinium enhancement images can be used for detection of myocardial scar. • Early synthetic gadolinium enhancement images can substantially shorten clinical acquisition time. • ESGE has high diagnostic accuracy as compared to conventional late gadolinium enhancement. • Quantification of myocardial scar with ESGE closely correlates with conventional LGE. • ESGE after stress perfusion CMR avoids need for additional gadolinium administration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)844-850
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Radiology
Volume28
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb-2018

    Keywords

  • Coronary artery disease, Magnetic resonance imaging, Adenosine, Gadolinium, Fibrosis, INVERSION-RECOVERY, MOTION CORRECTION, QUANTIFICATION, INFARCTION

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