Publication

Accuracy of iodine quantification using dual energy CT in latest generation dual source and dual layer CT

Pelgrim, G. J., van Hamersvelt, R. W., Willemink, M. J., Schmidt, B. T., Flohr, T., Schilham, A., Milles, J., Oudkerk, M., Leiner, T. & Vliegenthart, R., Sep-2017, In : European Radiology. 27, 9, p. 3904-3912 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of iodine quantification with dual energy computed tomography (DECT) in two high-end CT systems with different spectral imaging techniques.

METHODS: Five tubes with different iodine concentrations (0, 5, 10, 15, 20 mg/ml) were analysed in an anthropomorphic thoracic phantom. Adding two phantom rings simulated increased patient size. For third-generation dual source CT (DSCT), tube voltage combinations of 150Sn and 70, 80, 90, 100 kVp were analysed. For dual layer CT (DLCT), 120 and 140 kVp were used. Scans were repeated three times. Median normalized values and interquartile ranges (IQRs) were calculated for all kVp settings and phantom sizes.

RESULTS: Correlation between measured and known iodine concentrations was excellent for both systems (R = 0.999-1.000, p < 0.0001). For DSCT, median measurement errors ranged from -0.5% (IQR -2.0, 2.0%) at 150Sn/70 kVp and -2.3% (IQR -4.0, -0.1%) at 150Sn/80 kVp to -4.0% (IQR -6.0, -2.8%) at 150Sn/90 kVp. For DLCT, median measurement errors ranged from -3.3% (IQR -4.9, -1.5%) at 140 kVp to -4.6% (IQR -6.0, -3.6%) at 120 kVp. Larger phantom sizes increased variability of iodine measurements (p < 0.05).

CONCLUSION: Iodine concentration can be accurately quantified with state-of-the-art DECT systems from two vendors. The lowest absolute errors were found for DSCT using the 150Sn/70 kVp or 150Sn/80 kVp combinations, which was slightly more accurate than 140 kVp in DLCT.

KEY POINTS: • High-end CT scanners allow accurate iodine quantification using different DECT techniques. • Lowest measurement error was found in scans with largest photon energy separation. • Dual-source CT quantified iodine slightly more accurately than dual layer CT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3904-3912
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Radiology
Volume27
Issue number9
Early online date6-Feb-2017
Publication statusPublished - Sep-2017

    Keywords

  • Tomography, x-ray computed, Absorptiometry, photon, Myocardial perfusion imaging, Iodine, Phantoms, imaging, COMPUTED-TOMOGRAPHY, IMAGE-QUALITY, METAANALYSIS, EXPERIENCE, PERFUSION, PHANTOM, HEART

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