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Accuracy and outcome of mandibular fracture reduction without and with an aid of a repositioning forceps

Batbayar, E-O., Malwand, S., Dijkstra, P. U., Bos, R. R. M. & van Minnen, B., Jun-2019, In : Oral and maxillofacial surgery. 23, 2, p. 201-208 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

PurposeIt is presumed that adequate reduction of a fracture of the mandible favors bone healing and diminishes the risk of complications. In this retrospective study, we compared the accuracy of fracture alignment and complication rate of mandibular fractures reduced without or with aid of a repositioning forceps.MethodsRetrospective analysis of consecutive 252 patients with mandibular fractures treated between January 2010 and December 2016. Eligible for this study were patients with isolated mandibular fractures needing open reduction and internal fixation in whom pre- and postoperative radiographs and patient records were available. In total, 131 (252 fractures) patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria.ResultsSeventy-one (54%) patients were men. Mean age of the patients was 3316.5years, and the median and interquartile range of age was 25 (20;41). In 54 patients, mandibular fractures were reduced without the aid of repositioning forceps, and in the remaining 77 patients, the fractures were reduced with the aid of the repositioning forceps. Anatomical alignment of the fractures was poor in the non-forceps-aided group (48%) compared to the forceps-aided group (58%) (P=.067). Overall complication rate was higher in the group of fractures reduced without the aid of forceps (17%) than in the forceps-aided group (7%) (P=.045; OR, 2.7; 95% CI, 1.0-7.4).Conclusionsp id=Par4Mandibular fractures reduced with the aid of repositioning forceps are accompanied by a lower complication rate and better alignment. This is an important observation as better alignment of the fracture fragments favors bone healing and reduces complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-208
Number of pages8
JournalOral and maxillofacial surgery
Volume23
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun-2019

    Keywords

  • Mandibular fracture, Open fracture reduction, Surgical instruments, Postoperative complications, INTERNAL-FIXATION, MANAGEMENT

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