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Accumulation of myeloperoxidase-positive neutrophils in atherosclerotic lesions in LDLR-/- mice

van Leeuwen, M., Gijbels, M. J. J., Duijvestijn, A., Smook, M., van de Gaar, M. J., Heeringa, P., de Winther, M. P. J. & Tervaert, J. W. C., 1-Jan-2008, In : Arteriosclerosis thrombosis and vascular biology. 28, 1, p. 84-89 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Objective-Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease in which the immune system plays an important role. Neutrophils have not been thoroughly studied in the context of atherogenesis. Here, we investigated neutrophils in the development of murine atherosclerotic lesions.

Methods and Results-LDLR-/- mice were given a high-fat diet for different time periods and subsequently atherosclerotic lesions were studied by immunohistochemistry. Staining with anti-Ly-6G monoclonal antibody, a specific marker for neutrophils, revealed a marked accumulation of neutrophils during atherosclerosis development. Neutrophils were observed in the lesion, attached to the cap, and in the arterial adventitia. In addition, at some sites, neutrophil accumulation colocalized with endothelial E-selectin expression. Immunofluorescence double staining with anti-myeloperoxidase and anti-Ly-6G antibodies demonstrated the presence of myeloperoxidase in atherosclerotic lesions and its colocalization with neutrophils. After introducing the high-fat diet, levels of circulating myeloperoxidase in plasma strongly increased, with a peak at 6 weeks and a subsequent decrease to almost normal levels after 16 weeks of diet.

Conclusions-We here demonstrate for the first time the presence of neutrophils and myeloperoxidase in murine atherosclerotic lesions. As a major cell type in inflammatory responses the neutrophil may also be an important mediator in the development of atherosclerosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)84-89
Number of pages6
JournalArteriosclerosis thrombosis and vascular biology
Volume28
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1-Jan-2008

    Keywords

  • atherosclerosis, neutrophil, myeloperoxidase, immunohistochemistry, LDLR-/- mice, E-DEFICIENT MICE, OXIDATION-PRODUCTS, BONE-MARROW, CELLS, EXPRESSION, INFLAMMATION, RECRUITMENT, LIPOPROTEIN, MECHANISMS, MONOCYTES

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