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Academic textbooks on ADHD genetics: Balanced or biased? (vol 12, 1305590, 2017)

te Meerman, S., Batstra, L., Hoekstra, R. & Grietens, H., 15-May-2019, In : International journal of qualitative studies on health and well-Being. 14, 1, 1616433.

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Academic textbooks are essential assets for disseminating knowledge about ADHD to future healthcare professionals. This study examined if they are balanced with regard to genetics. We selected and analyzed textbooks (N=43) used in (pre) master’s programmes at 10 universities in the Netherlands. Because the mere behaviourally informed quantitative genetics give a much higher effect size of the genetic involvement in ADHD, it is important that textbooks contrast these findings with molecular genetics’ outcomes. The latter studies use real genetic data, and their low effect sizes expose the potential weaknesses of quantitative genetics, like underestimating the involvement of the environment. Only a quarter of books mention both effect sizes and contrast these findings, while another quarter does not discuss any effect size. Most importantly, however, roughly half of the books in our sample mention only the effect sizes from quantitative genetic studies without addressing the low explained variance of molecular genetic studies. This may confuse readers by suggesting that the weakly associated genes support the quite spectacular, but potentially flawed estimates of twin, family and adoption studies, while they actually contradict them.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1616433
JournalInternational journal of qualitative studies on health and well-Being
Volume14
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 15-May-2019

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