ABC-tool reinvented: development of a disease-specific 'Assessment of Burden of Chronic Conditions (ABCC)-tool' for multiple chronic conditions

Boudewijns, E. A., Claessens, D., van Schayck, O. C. P., Keijsers, L. C. E. M., Salome, P. L., in 't Veen, J. C. C. M., Bilo, H. J. G. & Gidding-Slok, A. H. M., 13-Jan-2020, In : BMC Family Practice. 21, 1, 7 p., 11.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

  • Esther A. Boudewijns
  • Danny Claessens
  • Onno C. P. van Schayck
  • Lotte C. E. M. Keijsers
  • Philippe L. Salome
  • Johannes C. C. M. in 't Veen
  • Henk J. G. Bilo
  • Annerika H. M. Gidding-Slok

Background Numerous instruments have been developed to assess patient reported outcomes; most approaches however focus on a single condition. With the increasing prevalence of multimorbidity, this might no longer be appropriate. Moreover, a more comprehensive approach that facilitates shared decision making and stimulates self-management is most likely more valuable for clinical practice than a questionnaire alone. This study aims to transform the Assessment of Burden of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) (ABC)-tool into the Assessment of Burden of Chronic Conditions (ABCC)-tool for COPD, asthma, and diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2). The tool consists of a scale, a visualisation of the outcomes, and treatment advice. Methods Requirements for the tool were formulated. Questionnaires were developed based on a literature study of existing questionnaires, clinical guidelines, interviews with patients and healthcare providers, and input from an expert group. Cut-off points and treatment advice were determined to display the results and to provide practical recommendations. Results The ABCC-scale consists of a generic questionnaire and disease-specific questionnaires, which can be combined into a single individualized questionnaire for each patient. Results are displayed in one balloon chart, and each domain includes practical recommendations. Conclusions The ABCC-tool is expected to facilitate conversations between a patient and a healthcare provider, and to help formulate treatment plans and care plans with personalised goals. By facilitating an integrated approach, this instrument can be applied in a variety of circumstances and disease combinations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number11
Number of pages7
JournalBMC Family Practice
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 13-Jan-2020


  • Burden of disease, Chronic disease, ABCC-tool, Self-management, Questionnaire, Asthma, Diabetes mellitus type 2, COPD, Shared decision making, Patient-centered care, QUALITY-OF-LIFE, PATIENT-PROVIDER COMMUNICATION, DIABETES SELF-CARE, MANAGEMENT, SCALE, PROGRAMS, MEDICINE

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