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A newly characterized vacuolar serine carboxypeptidase, Atg42/Ybr139w, is required for normal vacuole function and the terminal steps of autophagy in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Parzych, K. R., Ariosa, A., Mari, M. & Klionsky, D. J., 1-May-2018, In : Molecular Biology of the Cell. 29, 9, p. 1089-1099 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

  • Katherine R. Parzych
  • Aileen Ariosa
  • Muriel Mari
  • Daniel J. Klionsky

Macroautophagy (hereafter autophagy) is a cellular recycling pathway essential for cell survival during nutrient deprivation that culminates in the degradation of cargo within the vacuole in yeast and the lysosome in mammals, followed by efflux of the resultant macromolecules back into the cytosol. The yeast vacuole is home to many different hydrolytic proteins and while few have established roles in autophagy, the involvement of others remains unclear. The vacuolar serine carboxypeptidase Y (Prc1) has not been previously shown to have a role in vacuolar zymogen activation and has not been directly implicated in the terminal degradation steps of autophagy. Through a combination of molecular genetic, cell biological, and biochemical approaches, we have shown that Prc1 has a functional homologue, Ybr139w, and that cells deficient in both Prc1 and Ybr139w have defects in autophagy-dependent protein synthesis, vacuolar zymogen activation, and autophagic body breakdown. Thus, we have demonstrated that Ybr139w and Prc1 have important roles in proteolytic processing in the vacuole and the terminal steps of autophagy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1089-1099
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular Biology of the Cell
Volume29
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1-May-2018

    Keywords

  • PROTEIN-KINASE-A, TARGETING PATHWAY, PUTATIVE LIPASE, BUDDING YEAST, BIOSYNTHESIS, TRANSPORT, CYTOPLASM, MUTANTS, BIOGENESIS, INDUCTION

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