Publication

A moderate dose of alcohol selectively reduces empathic accuracy

Thiel, F., Ostafin, B. D., Uppendahl, J. R., Wichmann, L. J., Schlosser, M. & Aan Het Rot, M., May-2018, In : Psychopharmacology. 235, 5, p. 1479–1486 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

APA

Thiel, F., Ostafin, B. D., Uppendahl, J. R., Wichmann, L. J., Schlosser, M., & Aan Het Rot, M. (2018). A moderate dose of alcohol selectively reduces empathic accuracy. Psychopharmacology, 235(5), 1479–1486. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00213-018-4859-y

Author

Thiel, Freya ; Ostafin, Brian D ; Uppendahl, Jana R ; Wichmann, Lenka J ; Schlosser, Marco ; Aan Het Rot, Marije. / A moderate dose of alcohol selectively reduces empathic accuracy. In: Psychopharmacology. 2018 ; Vol. 235, No. 5. pp. 1479–1486.

Harvard

Thiel, F, Ostafin, BD, Uppendahl, JR, Wichmann, LJ, Schlosser, M & Aan Het Rot, M 2018, 'A moderate dose of alcohol selectively reduces empathic accuracy', Psychopharmacology, vol. 235, no. 5, pp. 1479–1486. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00213-018-4859-y

Standard

A moderate dose of alcohol selectively reduces empathic accuracy. / Thiel, Freya; Ostafin, Brian D; Uppendahl, Jana R; Wichmann, Lenka J; Schlosser, Marco; Aan Het Rot, Marije.

In: Psychopharmacology, Vol. 235, No. 5, 05.2018, p. 1479–1486.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Vancouver

Thiel F, Ostafin BD, Uppendahl JR, Wichmann LJ, Schlosser M, Aan Het Rot M. A moderate dose of alcohol selectively reduces empathic accuracy. Psychopharmacology. 2018 May;235(5):1479–1486. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00213-018-4859-y


BibTeX

@article{73943672dd0a4f36bb7c514b3e30a2b6,
title = "A moderate dose of alcohol selectively reduces empathic accuracy",
abstract = "RATIONALE: Drinking alcohol is associated with various interpersonal effects, including effects on cognitive empathy. Empathic accuracy (EA) is a form of cognitive empathy concerned with perceivers' accuracy in inferring a target's thoughts and feelings. The effects of alcohol on EA have not previously been studied.OBJECTIVES: We examined the effect of a moderate alcohol dose on EA in social drinkers.METHODS: Fifty-four men with varying levels of hazardous drinking according to the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) participated in a randomized, double-blind, between-group study. The alcohol group received 0.56 g/kg alcohol in a vodka and tonic-mixed drink. The placebo group received tonic, with 4 ml of vodka sprayed on top. All participants performed an EA task that involved watching 16 videos of people narrating positive and negative emotional autobiographical events and continuously rating how targets felt while narrating.RESULTS: There were no significant main effects of beverage condition on the EA task. There was an effect of the condition by AUDIT interaction for EA on the positive videos. Post-hoc simple contrasts revealed that in participants with lower AUDIT scores, the alcohol condition had lower EA for positive videos than the placebo condition. No significant main effect for condition occurred in the participants with higher AUDIT scores.CONCLUSIONS: The effect of condition in participants with lower AUDIT scores indicates alcohol selectively reduced EA in individuals low on hazardous drinking. This suggests either alcohol-induced impairments of EA for positive events or a positivity bias in men at low risk for alcohol dependency.",
keywords = "Journal Article, NATURALISTIC SOCIAL COGNITION, IDENTIFICATION TEST AUDIT, FACIAL EXPRESSIONS, USE DISORDERS, EMOTIONAL EXPRESSION, GENDER-DIFFERENCES, PERCEPTUAL CUES, FAMILY-HISTORY, CONSUMPTION, RECOGNITION",
author = "Freya Thiel and Ostafin, {Brian D} and Uppendahl, {Jana R} and Wichmann, {Lenka J} and Marco Schlosser and {Aan Het Rot}, Marije",
year = "2018",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1007/s00213-018-4859-y",
language = "English",
volume = "235",
pages = "1479–1486",
journal = "Psychopharmacology",
issn = "0033-3158",
publisher = "SPRINGER",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A moderate dose of alcohol selectively reduces empathic accuracy

AU - Thiel, Freya

AU - Ostafin, Brian D

AU - Uppendahl, Jana R

AU - Wichmann, Lenka J

AU - Schlosser, Marco

AU - Aan Het Rot, Marije

PY - 2018/5

Y1 - 2018/5

N2 - RATIONALE: Drinking alcohol is associated with various interpersonal effects, including effects on cognitive empathy. Empathic accuracy (EA) is a form of cognitive empathy concerned with perceivers' accuracy in inferring a target's thoughts and feelings. The effects of alcohol on EA have not previously been studied.OBJECTIVES: We examined the effect of a moderate alcohol dose on EA in social drinkers.METHODS: Fifty-four men with varying levels of hazardous drinking according to the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) participated in a randomized, double-blind, between-group study. The alcohol group received 0.56 g/kg alcohol in a vodka and tonic-mixed drink. The placebo group received tonic, with 4 ml of vodka sprayed on top. All participants performed an EA task that involved watching 16 videos of people narrating positive and negative emotional autobiographical events and continuously rating how targets felt while narrating.RESULTS: There were no significant main effects of beverage condition on the EA task. There was an effect of the condition by AUDIT interaction for EA on the positive videos. Post-hoc simple contrasts revealed that in participants with lower AUDIT scores, the alcohol condition had lower EA for positive videos than the placebo condition. No significant main effect for condition occurred in the participants with higher AUDIT scores.CONCLUSIONS: The effect of condition in participants with lower AUDIT scores indicates alcohol selectively reduced EA in individuals low on hazardous drinking. This suggests either alcohol-induced impairments of EA for positive events or a positivity bias in men at low risk for alcohol dependency.

AB - RATIONALE: Drinking alcohol is associated with various interpersonal effects, including effects on cognitive empathy. Empathic accuracy (EA) is a form of cognitive empathy concerned with perceivers' accuracy in inferring a target's thoughts and feelings. The effects of alcohol on EA have not previously been studied.OBJECTIVES: We examined the effect of a moderate alcohol dose on EA in social drinkers.METHODS: Fifty-four men with varying levels of hazardous drinking according to the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) participated in a randomized, double-blind, between-group study. The alcohol group received 0.56 g/kg alcohol in a vodka and tonic-mixed drink. The placebo group received tonic, with 4 ml of vodka sprayed on top. All participants performed an EA task that involved watching 16 videos of people narrating positive and negative emotional autobiographical events and continuously rating how targets felt while narrating.RESULTS: There were no significant main effects of beverage condition on the EA task. There was an effect of the condition by AUDIT interaction for EA on the positive videos. Post-hoc simple contrasts revealed that in participants with lower AUDIT scores, the alcohol condition had lower EA for positive videos than the placebo condition. No significant main effect for condition occurred in the participants with higher AUDIT scores.CONCLUSIONS: The effect of condition in participants with lower AUDIT scores indicates alcohol selectively reduced EA in individuals low on hazardous drinking. This suggests either alcohol-induced impairments of EA for positive events or a positivity bias in men at low risk for alcohol dependency.

KW - Journal Article

KW - NATURALISTIC SOCIAL COGNITION

KW - IDENTIFICATION TEST AUDIT

KW - FACIAL EXPRESSIONS

KW - USE DISORDERS

KW - EMOTIONAL EXPRESSION

KW - GENDER-DIFFERENCES

KW - PERCEPTUAL CUES

KW - FAMILY-HISTORY

KW - CONSUMPTION

KW - RECOGNITION

U2 - 10.1007/s00213-018-4859-y

DO - 10.1007/s00213-018-4859-y

M3 - Article

C2 - 29492613

VL - 235

SP - 1479

EP - 1486

JO - Psychopharmacology

JF - Psychopharmacology

SN - 0033-3158

IS - 5

ER -

ID: 55479708