Publication

A method to stabilise the performance of negatively fed KM3NeT photomultipliers

K3MNet Collaboration, Dec-2016, In : Journal of Instrumentation. 11, 12 p., 12014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

APA

K3MNet Collaboration (2016). A method to stabilise the performance of negatively fed KM3NeT photomultipliers. Journal of Instrumentation, 11, [12014]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/11/12/P12014

Author

K3MNet Collaboration. / A method to stabilise the performance of negatively fed KM3NeT photomultipliers. In: Journal of Instrumentation. 2016 ; Vol. 11.

Harvard

K3MNet Collaboration 2016, 'A method to stabilise the performance of negatively fed KM3NeT photomultipliers', Journal of Instrumentation, vol. 11, 12014. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/11/12/P12014

Standard

A method to stabilise the performance of negatively fed KM3NeT photomultipliers. / K3MNet Collaboration.

In: Journal of Instrumentation, Vol. 11, 12014, 12.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Vancouver

K3MNet Collaboration. A method to stabilise the performance of negatively fed KM3NeT photomultipliers. Journal of Instrumentation. 2016 Dec;11. 12014. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/11/12/P12014


BibTeX

@article{36f2e509b95c421abcc3adab6dbf6882,
title = "A method to stabilise the performance of negatively fed KM3NeT photomultipliers",
abstract = "The KM3NeT research infrastructure, currently under construction in the Mediterranean Sea, will host neutrino telescopes for the identification of neutrino sources in the Universe and for studies of the neutrino mass hierarchy. These telescopes will house hundreds of thousands of photomultiplier tubes that will have to be operated in a stable and reliable fashion. In this context, the stability of the dark counts has been investigated for photomultiplier tubes with negative high voltage on the photocathode and held in insulating support structures made of 3D printed nylon material. Small gaps between the rigid support structure and the photomultiplier tubes in the presence of electric fields can lead to discharges that produce dark count rates that are highly variable. A solution was found by applying the same insulating varnish as used for the high voltage bases directly to the outside of the photomultiplier tubes. This transparent conformal coating provides a convenient and inexpensive method of insulation.",
keywords = "Instrument optimisation, Large detector systems for particle and astroparticle physics, Neutrino detectors, Photon detectors for UV, visible and IR photons (gas) (gas-photocathodes, solid-photocathodes), PROTOTYPE",
author = "{K3MNet Collaboration} and S. Adrian-Martinez and M. Ageron and S. Aiello and A. Albert and F. Ameli and Anassontzis, {E. G.} and M. Andre and G. Androulakis and M. Anghinolfi and G. Anton and M. Ardid and T. Avgitas and G. Barbarino and E. Barbarito and B. Baret and J. Barrios-Marti and A. Belias and E. Berbee and {van den Berg}, A. and V. Bertin and S. Beurthey and {van Beveren}, V. and N. Beverini and S. Biagi and A. Biagioni and M. Billault and M. Bondi and R. Bormuth and B. Bouhadef and G. Bourlis and S. Bourret and C. Boutonnet and M. Bouwhuis and C. Bozza and R. Bruijn and J. Brunner and E. Buis and R. Buompane and J. Busto and Q. Dorosti-Hasankiadeh and E. Drakopoulou and K. Graf and M. Hevinga and {de Jong}, M. and Koffeman, {E. N.} and A. Martini and Melis, {K. W.} and P. Timmer and L. Wiggers and J. Wilms",
year = "2016",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1088/1748-0221/11/12/P12014",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
journal = "Journal of Instrumentation",
issn = "1748-0221",
publisher = "IOP PUBLISHING LTD",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A method to stabilise the performance of negatively fed KM3NeT photomultipliers

AU - K3MNet Collaboration

AU - Adrian-Martinez, S.

AU - Ageron, M.

AU - Aiello, S.

AU - Albert, A.

AU - Ameli, F.

AU - Anassontzis, E. G.

AU - Andre, M.

AU - Androulakis, G.

AU - Anghinolfi, M.

AU - Anton, G.

AU - Ardid, M.

AU - Avgitas, T.

AU - Barbarino, G.

AU - Barbarito, E.

AU - Baret, B.

AU - Barrios-Marti, J.

AU - Belias, A.

AU - Berbee, E.

AU - van den Berg, A.

AU - Bertin, V.

AU - Beurthey, S.

AU - van Beveren, V.

AU - Beverini, N.

AU - Biagi, S.

AU - Biagioni, A.

AU - Billault, M.

AU - Bondi, M.

AU - Bormuth, R.

AU - Bouhadef, B.

AU - Bourlis, G.

AU - Bourret, S.

AU - Boutonnet, C.

AU - Bouwhuis, M.

AU - Bozza, C.

AU - Bruijn, R.

AU - Brunner, J.

AU - Buis, E.

AU - Buompane, R.

AU - Busto, J.

AU - Dorosti-Hasankiadeh, Q.

AU - Drakopoulou, E.

AU - Graf, K.

AU - Hevinga, M.

AU - de Jong, M.

AU - Koffeman, E. N.

AU - Martini, A.

AU - Melis, K. W.

AU - Timmer, P.

AU - Wiggers, L.

AU - Wilms, J.

PY - 2016/12

Y1 - 2016/12

N2 - The KM3NeT research infrastructure, currently under construction in the Mediterranean Sea, will host neutrino telescopes for the identification of neutrino sources in the Universe and for studies of the neutrino mass hierarchy. These telescopes will house hundreds of thousands of photomultiplier tubes that will have to be operated in a stable and reliable fashion. In this context, the stability of the dark counts has been investigated for photomultiplier tubes with negative high voltage on the photocathode and held in insulating support structures made of 3D printed nylon material. Small gaps between the rigid support structure and the photomultiplier tubes in the presence of electric fields can lead to discharges that produce dark count rates that are highly variable. A solution was found by applying the same insulating varnish as used for the high voltage bases directly to the outside of the photomultiplier tubes. This transparent conformal coating provides a convenient and inexpensive method of insulation.

AB - The KM3NeT research infrastructure, currently under construction in the Mediterranean Sea, will host neutrino telescopes for the identification of neutrino sources in the Universe and for studies of the neutrino mass hierarchy. These telescopes will house hundreds of thousands of photomultiplier tubes that will have to be operated in a stable and reliable fashion. In this context, the stability of the dark counts has been investigated for photomultiplier tubes with negative high voltage on the photocathode and held in insulating support structures made of 3D printed nylon material. Small gaps between the rigid support structure and the photomultiplier tubes in the presence of electric fields can lead to discharges that produce dark count rates that are highly variable. A solution was found by applying the same insulating varnish as used for the high voltage bases directly to the outside of the photomultiplier tubes. This transparent conformal coating provides a convenient and inexpensive method of insulation.

KW - Instrument optimisation

KW - Large detector systems for particle and astroparticle physics

KW - Neutrino detectors

KW - Photon detectors for UV, visible and IR photons (gas) (gas-photocathodes, solid-photocathodes)

KW - PROTOTYPE

U2 - 10.1088/1748-0221/11/12/P12014

DO - 10.1088/1748-0221/11/12/P12014

M3 - Article

VL - 11

JO - Journal of Instrumentation

JF - Journal of Instrumentation

SN - 1748-0221

M1 - 12014

ER -

ID: 65064644