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A method to dynamically control unwanted loudness cues when measuring amplitude modulation detection in cochlear implant users

Galvin, J. J., Fu, Q-J., Oba, S. & Başkent, D., 30-Jan-2014, In : Journal of Neuroscience Methods. 222, p. 207-212 6 p.

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Background: Amplitude modulation (AM) detection is a measure of temporal processing that has been correlated with cochlear implant (CI) users' speech understanding. For Cl users, AM stimuli have been shown to be louder than steady-state (non-AM) stimuli presented at the same reference current level, suggesting that unwanted loudness cues might contribute to CI users' AM sensitivity as measured in a modulation detection task. In this paper, a new method is introduced to dynamically control unwanted AM loudness cues when adaptively measuring modulation detection thresholds (MDTs) in Cl users.

Methods: MDTs were adaptively measured in 9 CI subjects using a three-alternative, forced-choice procedure, with and without dynamic control of unwanted AM loudness cues. To control for AM loudness cues during the MDT task, the level of the steady-state (non-AM) stimuli was increased to match the loudness of the AM stimulus using a non-linear amplitude scaling function, which was obtained by first loudness-balancing non-AM stimuli to AM stimuli at various modulation depths. To further protect against unwanted loudness cues, +/-0.75 dB of level roving was also applied to all stimuli during the MDT task.

Results: Absolute MDTs were generally poorer when unwanted AM loudness cues were controlled. However, the effects of modulation frequency and presentation level on modulation sensitivity were fundamentally unchanged by the availability of AM loudness cues.

Conclusions: The data suggest that the present method controlling for unwanted AM loudness cues might better represent Cl users' MDTs, without changing fundamental effects of modulation frequency and presentation level on Cl users' modulation sensitivity. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-212
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Methods
Volume222
Publication statusPublished - 30-Jan-2014

    Keywords

  • Cochlear implant, Modulation detection, Amplitude modulation, Stimulation rate, Loudness, CARRIER PULSE-RATE, SPEECH RECOGNITION, INTENSITY DISCRIMINATION, STIMULATION RATE, PERCEPTION, LISTENERS, HEARING, SITE

ID: 14084040