A human-like bile acid pool induced by deletion of hepatic Cyp2c70 modulates effects of FXR activation in mice[S]

de Boer, J. F., Verkade, E., Mulder, N. L., de Vries, H. D., Huijkman, N. C., Koehorst, M., Boer, T., Wolters, J. C., Bloks, V. W., van de Sluis, B. & Kuipers, F., Mar-2020, In : Journal of Lipid Research. 61, 3, p. 291-305 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Bile acids (BAs) facilitate intestinal absorption of lipid-soluble nutrients and modulate various metabolic pathways through the farnesoid X receptor (FXR) and Takeda G-protein-coupled receptor 5. These receptors are targets for therapy in cholestatic and metabolic diseases. However, dissimilarities in BA metabolism between humans and mice complicate translation of preclinical data. Cytochrome P450 family 2 subfamily c polypeptide 70 (CYP2C70) was recently proposed to catalyze the formation of rodent-specific muricholic acids (MCAs). With CRISPR/Cas9-mediated somatic genome editing, we generated an acute hepatic Cyp2c70 knockout mouse model (Cyp2c70(ako)) to clarify the role of CYP2C70 in BA metabolism in vivo and evaluate whether its activity modulates effects of pharmacologic FXR activation on cholesterol homeostasis. In Cyp2c70(ako) mice, chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) increased at the expense of beta MCA, resulting in a more hydrophobic human-like BA pool. Tracer studies demonstrated that, in vivo, CYP2C70 catalyzes the formation of beta MCA primarily by sequential 6 beta-hydroxylation and C7-epimerization of CDCA, generating alpha MCA as an intermediate metabolite. Physiologically, the humanized BA composition in Cyp2c70(ako) mice blunted the stimulation of fecal cholesterol disposal in response to FXR activation compared with WT mice, predominantly due to reduced stimulation of transintestinal cholesterol excretion. Thus, deletion of hepatic Cyp2c70 in adult mice translates into a human-like BA pool composition and impacts the response to pharmacologic FXR activation. This Cyp2c70(ako) mouse model may be a useful tool for future studies of BA signaling and metabolism that informs human disease development and treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291-305
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Lipid Research
Issue number3
Early online date10-Sep-2019
Publication statusPublished - Mar-2020


  • liver, humanized mouse model, cholesterol, transintestinal cholesterol excretion, cytochrome P450 family 2 subfamily c polypeptide 70, NUCLEAR RECEPTOR FXR, CHOLESTEROL TRANSPORT, ENTEROHEPATIC CIRCULATION, METABOLISM, IDENTIFICATION, GLUCOSE, MICE, ABSORPTION, STRATEGIES, REGULATORS

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