A high urea-to-creatinine ratio predicts long-term mortality independent of acute kidney injury among patients hospitalized with an infection

Slikke, van der, K., Star, B. S., Jager ,de, V., Leferink, M. B. M., Klein, L., Quinten, V., Olgers, T. J., Maaten, ter, J. & Bouma, H., 24-Sep-2020, In : Scientific Reports. 10, 1, 15649 .

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Acute kidney injury (AKI) occurs frequently in patients with sepsis. Persistent AKI is, in contrast to transient AKI, associated with reduced long-term survival after sepsis, while the effect of AKI on survival after non-septic infections remains unknown. As prerenal azotaemia is a common cause of transient AKI that might be identified by an increased urea-to-creatinine ratio, we hypothesized that the urea-to-creatinine ratio may predict the course of AKI with relevance to long-term mortality risk. We studied the association between the urea-to-creatinine ratio, AKI and long-term mortality among 665 patients presented with an infection to the ED with known pre-existent renal function. Long-term survival was reduced in patients with persistent AKI. The urea-to-creatinine ratio was not associated with the incidence of either transient or non-recovered AKI. In contrast, stratification according to the urea-to-creatinine-ratio identifies a group of patients with a similar long-term mortality risk as patients with persistent AKI. Non-recovered AKI is strongly associated with all-cause long-term mortality after hospitalization for an infection. The urea-to-creatinine ratio should not be employed to predict prerenal azotaemia, but identifies a group of patients that is at increased risk for long-term mortality after infections, independent of AKI and sepsis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number15649
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 24-Sep-2020

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