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A concept mapping study on perpetuating factors of functional somatic symptoms from clinicians' perspective

Janssens, K. A. M., Houtveen, J. H., Tak, L. M., Bonvanie, I. J., Scholtalbers, A., van Gils, A., Geenenc, R. & Rosmalen, J. G. M., 2017, In : General Hospital Psychiatry. 44, p. 51-60 10 p.

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  • A concept mapping study on perpetuating factors of functional somatic symptoms from clinicians’ perspective

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Objective: The aim of this concept mapping study was to identify the structure and alleged importance of perpetuating factors of functional somatic symptoms (FSS) from the perspective of professionals. Further, we examined to which extent these factors have been addressed in scientific literature.

Methods: Ninety-nine perpetuating factors were sorted with respect to content using a card-sorting task by 61 experienced clinicians (62.3% psychologists, 75.4% female, mean age: 45.7 [SD: 10.6] years, mean duration of experience in treating FSS patients: 10.5 [SD: 7.6] years). These factors had been derived fromin-depth interviews with 12 clinicians, with extensive experience in treating FSS. Thirty-eight clinicians rated the importance of the 99 factors on a scale ranging from 1 ('not important at all') to 10 ('extremely important').

Results: Hierarchical cluster analysis revealed three overarching domains of perpetuating factors: 'Hypochondria', 'Social and relational problems' and 'Symptom-related emotions and habits'. These domains comprised 16 clusters, which were rated on importance between 6.1, 'Adverse physical factors and counterproductive lifestyle', and 7.8, 'Frustration and despair regarding the symptoms'. All clusters have been addressed in scientific literature.

Conclusions: This study revealed an encompassing hierarchical structure of somatic, emotional, cognitive, behavioral, and social factors of importance in the perpetuation of FSS based on expert opinions. This structure will guide the development of personalized treatment of FSS. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-60
Number of pages10
JournalGeneral Hospital Psychiatry
Volume44
Publication statusPublished - 2017

    Keywords

  • Functional somatic symptoms, Hierarchical cluster analysis, Ontology, Perpetuating factors, CHRONIC-FATIGUE-SYNDROME, IRRITABLE-BOWEL-SYNDROME, MEDICALLY UNEXPLAINED SYMPTOMS, OF-THE-LITERATURE, SELF-MANAGEMENT INTERVENTION, CHRONIC MUSCULOSKELETAL PAIN, RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL, SOMATOFORM DISORDERS, PRIMARY-CARE, HEALTH-CARE

ID: 39409809