Publication

A Computer Vision Pipeline that Uses Thermal and RGB Images for the Recognition of Holstein Cattle

Bhole, A., Falzon, O., Biehl, M. & Azzopardi, G., 2019, Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns: 18th International Conference, CAIP 2019, Salerno, Italy, September 3–5, 2019, Proceedings, Part II. Vento, M. & Percannella, G. (eds.). Cham: Springer, p. 108-119 12 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 11679).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

APA

Bhole, A., Falzon, O., Biehl, M., & Azzopardi, G. (2019). A Computer Vision Pipeline that Uses Thermal and RGB Images for the Recognition of Holstein Cattle. In M. Vento, & G. Percannella (Eds.), Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns: 18th International Conference, CAIP 2019, Salerno, Italy, September 3–5, 2019, Proceedings, Part II (pp. 108-119). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Vol. 11679). Cham: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-29891-3_10

Author

Bhole, Amey ; Falzon, Owen ; Biehl, Michael ; Azzopardi, George. / A Computer Vision Pipeline that Uses Thermal and RGB Images for the Recognition of Holstein Cattle. Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns: 18th International Conference, CAIP 2019, Salerno, Italy, September 3–5, 2019, Proceedings, Part II. editor / Mario Vento ; Gennaro Percannella. Cham : Springer, 2019. pp. 108-119 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Harvard

Bhole, A, Falzon, O, Biehl, M & Azzopardi, G 2019, A Computer Vision Pipeline that Uses Thermal and RGB Images for the Recognition of Holstein Cattle. in M Vento & G Percannella (eds), Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns: 18th International Conference, CAIP 2019, Salerno, Italy, September 3–5, 2019, Proceedings, Part II. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 11679, Springer, Cham, pp. 108-119. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-29891-3_10

Standard

A Computer Vision Pipeline that Uses Thermal and RGB Images for the Recognition of Holstein Cattle. / Bhole, Amey; Falzon, Owen; Biehl, Michael; Azzopardi, George.

Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns: 18th International Conference, CAIP 2019, Salerno, Italy, September 3–5, 2019, Proceedings, Part II. ed. / Mario Vento; Gennaro Percannella. Cham : Springer, 2019. p. 108-119 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Vol. 11679).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

Vancouver

Bhole A, Falzon O, Biehl M, Azzopardi G. A Computer Vision Pipeline that Uses Thermal and RGB Images for the Recognition of Holstein Cattle. In Vento M, Percannella G, editors, Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns: 18th International Conference, CAIP 2019, Salerno, Italy, September 3–5, 2019, Proceedings, Part II. Cham: Springer. 2019. p. 108-119. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-29891-3_10


BibTeX

@inbook{490b4e5cf8e74ef4bc41d7cd9e470125,
title = "A Computer Vision Pipeline that Uses Thermal and RGB Images for the Recognition of Holstein Cattle",
abstract = "The monitoring of farm animals is important as it allows farmers keeping track of the performance indicators and any signs of health issues, which is useful to improve the production of milk, meat, eggs and others. In Europe, bovine identification is mostly dependent upon the electronic ID/RFID ear tags, as opposed to branding and tattooing. The RFID based ear-tagging approach has been called into question because of implementation and management costs, physical damage and animal welfare concerns. In this paper, we conduct a case study for individual identification of Holstein cattle, characterized by black, brown and white patterns, in collaboration with the Dairy campus in Leeuwarden. We use a FLIR E6 thermal camera to collect an infrared and RGB image of the side view of each cow just after leaving the milking station. We apply a fully automatic pipeline, which consists of image processing, computer vision and machine learning techniques on a data set containing 1237 images and 136 classes (i.e. individual animals). In particular, we use the thermal images to segment the cattle from the background and remove horizontal and vertical pipes that occlude the cattle in the station, followed by filling the blank areas with an inpainting algorithm. We use the segmented image and apply transfer learning to a pre-trained AlexNet convolutional neural network. We apply five-fold cross-validation and achieve an average accuracy rate of 0.9754 ± 0.0097. The results obtained suggest that the proposed non-invasive approach is highly effective in the automatic recognition of Holstein cattle from the side view. In principle, this approach is applicable to any farm animals that are characterized by distinctive coat patterns.",
author = "Amey Bhole and Owen Falzon and Michael Biehl and George Azzopardi",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1007/978-3-030-29891-3_10",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-3-030-29890-6",
series = "Lecture Notes in Computer Science",
publisher = "Springer",
pages = "108--119",
editor = "Mario Vento and Gennaro Percannella",
booktitle = "Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns",

}

RIS

TY - CHAP

T1 - A Computer Vision Pipeline that Uses Thermal and RGB Images for the Recognition of Holstein Cattle

AU - Bhole, Amey

AU - Falzon, Owen

AU - Biehl, Michael

AU - Azzopardi, George

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - The monitoring of farm animals is important as it allows farmers keeping track of the performance indicators and any signs of health issues, which is useful to improve the production of milk, meat, eggs and others. In Europe, bovine identification is mostly dependent upon the electronic ID/RFID ear tags, as opposed to branding and tattooing. The RFID based ear-tagging approach has been called into question because of implementation and management costs, physical damage and animal welfare concerns. In this paper, we conduct a case study for individual identification of Holstein cattle, characterized by black, brown and white patterns, in collaboration with the Dairy campus in Leeuwarden. We use a FLIR E6 thermal camera to collect an infrared and RGB image of the side view of each cow just after leaving the milking station. We apply a fully automatic pipeline, which consists of image processing, computer vision and machine learning techniques on a data set containing 1237 images and 136 classes (i.e. individual animals). In particular, we use the thermal images to segment the cattle from the background and remove horizontal and vertical pipes that occlude the cattle in the station, followed by filling the blank areas with an inpainting algorithm. We use the segmented image and apply transfer learning to a pre-trained AlexNet convolutional neural network. We apply five-fold cross-validation and achieve an average accuracy rate of 0.9754 ± 0.0097. The results obtained suggest that the proposed non-invasive approach is highly effective in the automatic recognition of Holstein cattle from the side view. In principle, this approach is applicable to any farm animals that are characterized by distinctive coat patterns.

AB - The monitoring of farm animals is important as it allows farmers keeping track of the performance indicators and any signs of health issues, which is useful to improve the production of milk, meat, eggs and others. In Europe, bovine identification is mostly dependent upon the electronic ID/RFID ear tags, as opposed to branding and tattooing. The RFID based ear-tagging approach has been called into question because of implementation and management costs, physical damage and animal welfare concerns. In this paper, we conduct a case study for individual identification of Holstein cattle, characterized by black, brown and white patterns, in collaboration with the Dairy campus in Leeuwarden. We use a FLIR E6 thermal camera to collect an infrared and RGB image of the side view of each cow just after leaving the milking station. We apply a fully automatic pipeline, which consists of image processing, computer vision and machine learning techniques on a data set containing 1237 images and 136 classes (i.e. individual animals). In particular, we use the thermal images to segment the cattle from the background and remove horizontal and vertical pipes that occlude the cattle in the station, followed by filling the blank areas with an inpainting algorithm. We use the segmented image and apply transfer learning to a pre-trained AlexNet convolutional neural network. We apply five-fold cross-validation and achieve an average accuracy rate of 0.9754 ± 0.0097. The results obtained suggest that the proposed non-invasive approach is highly effective in the automatic recognition of Holstein cattle from the side view. In principle, this approach is applicable to any farm animals that are characterized by distinctive coat patterns.

UR - http://www.mendeley.com/research/computer-vision-pipeline-uses-thermal-rgb-images-recognition-holstein-cattle

U2 - 10.1007/978-3-030-29891-3_10

DO - 10.1007/978-3-030-29891-3_10

M3 - Chapter

SN - 978-3-030-29890-6

T3 - Lecture Notes in Computer Science

SP - 108

EP - 119

BT - Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns

A2 - Vento, Mario

A2 - Percannella, Gennaro

PB - Springer

CY - Cham

ER -

ID: 97802033