A comparison of six different ballast water treatment systems based on UV radiation, electrochlorination and chlorine dioxide

Stehouwer, P. P., Buma, A. & Peperzak, L., 23-Mar-2015, In : Environmental Technology. 36, p. 2094-2104 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Copy link to clipboard


  • Stehouwer et al 2015 Comparison of treatment systems

    Final publisher's version, 794 KB, PDF document

    Request copy


The spread of aquatic invasive species through ballast water is a major ecological and economical threat. Because of this, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) set limits to the concentrations of organisms allowed in ballast water. To meet these limits, ballast water treatment systems (BWTSs) were developed. The main techniques used for ballast water treatment are ultraviolet (UV) radiation and electrochlorination (EC). In this study, phytoplankton regrowth after treatment
was followed for six BWTSs. Natural plankton communities were treated and incubated for 20 days. Growth, photosystem II efficiency and species composition were followed. The three UV systems all showed similar patterns of decrease in phytoplankton concentrations followed by regrowth. The two EC and the chlorine dioxide systems showed comparable
results. However, UV- and chlorine-based treatment systems showed significantly different responses. Overall, all BWTSs reduced phytoplankton concentrations to below the IMO limits, which represents a reduced risk of aquatic invasions through ballast water.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2094-2104
Number of pages11
JournalEnvironmental Technology
Publication statusPublished - 23-Mar-2015

ID: 17469086