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A clinical scoring system for congenital contractural arachnodactyly

Meerschaut, I., De Coninck, S., Steyaert, W., Barnicoat, A., Bayat, A., Benedicenti, F., Berland, S., Blair, E. M., Breckpot, J., De Burca, A., Destree, A., Garcia-Minaur, S., Green, A. J., Hanna, B. C., Keymolen, K., Koopmans, M., Lederer, D., Lees, M., Longman, C., Lynch, S. A., Male, A. M., McKenzie, F., Migeotte, I., Mihci, E., Nur, B., Petit, F., Piard, J., Plasschaert, F. S., Rauch, A., Ribai, P., Pacheco, I. S., Stanzial, F., Stolte-Dijkstra, I., Valenzuela, I., Varghese, V., Vasudevan, P. C., Wakeling, E., Wallgren-Pettersson, C., Coucke, P., De Paepe, A., De Wolf, D., Symoens, S. & Callewaert, B., Jan-2020, In : Genetics in Medicine. 22, 1, p. 124-131 8 p.

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  • A clinical scoring system for congenital contractural arachnodactyly

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DOI

  • Ilse Meerschaut
  • Shana De Coninck
  • Wouter Steyaert
  • Angela Barnicoat
  • Allan Bayat
  • Francesco Benedicenti
  • Siren Berland
  • Edward M. Blair
  • Jeroen Breckpot
  • Anna De Burca
  • Anne Destree
  • Sixto Garcia-Minaur
  • Andrew J. Green
  • Bernadette C. Hanna
  • Kathelijn Keymolen
  • Marije Koopmans
  • Damien Lederer
  • Melissa Lees
  • Cheryl Longman
  • Sally Ann Lynch
  • Alison M. Male
  • Fiona McKenzie
  • Isabelle Migeotte
  • Ercan Mihci
  • Banu Nur
  • Florence Petit
  • Juliette Piard
  • Frank S. Plasschaert
  • Anita Rauch
  • Pascale Ribai
  • Iratxe Salcedo Pacheco
  • Franco Stanzial
  • Irene Stolte-Dijkstra
  • Irene Valenzuela
  • Vinod Varghese
  • Pradeep C. Vasudevan
  • Emma Wakeling
  • Carina Wallgren-Pettersson
  • Paul Coucke
  • Anne De Paepe
  • Daniel De Wolf
  • Sofie Symoens
  • Bert Callewaert

Purpose Congenital contractural arachnodactyly (CCA) is an autosomal dominant connective tissue disorder manifesting joint contractures, arachnodactyly, crumpled ears, and kyphoscoliosis as main features. Due to its rarity, rather aspecific clinical presentation, and overlap with other conditions including Marfan syndrome, the diagnosis is challenging, but important for prognosis and clinical management. CCA is caused by pathogenic variants in FBN2, encoding fibrillin-2, but locus heterogeneity has been suggested. We designed a clinical scoring system and diagnostic criteria to support the diagnostic process and guide molecular genetic testing. Methods In this retrospective study, we assessed 167 probands referred for FBN2 analysis and classified them into a FBN2-positive (n = 44) and FBN2-negative group (n = 123) following molecular analysis. We developed a 20-point weighted clinical scoring system based on the prevalence of ten main clinical characteristics of CCA in both groups. Results The total score was significantly different between the groups (P <0.001) and was indicative for classifying patients into unlikely CCA (total score = 7) groups. Conclusions Our clinical score is helpful for clinical guidance for patients suspected to have CCA, and provides a quantitative tool for phenotyping in research settings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)124-131
Number of pages8
JournalGenetics in Medicine
Volume22
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan-2020

    Keywords

  • congenital contractural arachnodactyly, Beals syndrome, fibrillin-2, clinical score, diagnostic criteria, MARFAN-SYNDROME, FBN2 MUTATIONS, FIBRILLIN, PATHOGENESIS, PROBANDS, DELINEATION, DILATATION, DISORDER

ID: 119049552