Publication

A chiroptical photoswitchable DNA complex

Mammana, A., Carroll, G. T., Areephong, J. & Feringa, B. L., 13-Oct-2011, In : Journal of Physical Chemistry B. 115, 40, p. 11581-11587 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

The interesting structural, electronic, and optical properties of DNA provide fascinating opportunities for developing nanoscale smart materials by integrating DNA with opto-electronic components. In this article we demonstrate the electrostatic binding of an amine-terminated dithienylethene (DET) molecular switch to double-stranded synthetic polynucleotides. The DET switch can undergo photochemical ring-closure and opening reactions. Circular dichroism (CD) and UV-vis spectroscopy show that both the open, 1o, and the closed, 1c, forms of the switch bind to DNA. Upon addition of DNA to a solution of 1o or 1c, the UV-vis spectrum displays a hypochromic effect, indicative of an interaction between the switch and the DNA. The chirality of the DNA double helix is transmitted to the switching unit which displays a well-defined CD signal upon supramolecular complexation to the DNA. Additionally, the CD signal of the DNA attenuates, demonstrating that both components of the complex mutually influence each other's structure; the DNA induces chirality in the switch, and the switch modifies the structure of the DNA. Modulation of the chiroptical properties of the complex is achieved by photochemically switching the DET between its ring open and closed isomers. A pH dependence study of the binding shows that when the pH is increased the switches lose their binding ability, indicating that electrostatic interactions between protonated amines and the negatively charged phosphate backbone are the dominant driving force for binding to the DNA. A comparison of poly(deoxyguanylic-deoxycytidylic) acid [poly(dGdC)(2)] polynucleotides with poly(deoxyadenylic-deoxythymidylic) acid [poly(dAdT)(2)] shows distinct differences in the CD spectra of the complexes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11581-11587
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume115
Issue number40
Publication statusPublished - 13-Oct-2011

    Keywords

  • ELECTRON-TRANSFER, CHIRAL MEMORY, MOLECULAR ELECTRONICS, NANOMECHANICAL DEVICE, PORPHYRIN ASSEMBLIES, NANOTECHNOLOGY, AZOBENZENE, SWITCHES, PHOTOIRRADIATION, PHOTOREGULATION

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