Hydrogen potential in the future EU energy system: a multi-sectoral, multi-model approach

Blanco Reaño, H., 2019, [Groningen]: University of Groningen. 366 p.

Research output: ThesisThesis fully internal (DIV)

Copy link to clipboard


  • Title and contents

    Final publisher's version, 376 KB, PDF document

  • Chapter 1

    Final publisher's version, 903 KB, PDF document

  • Chapter 2

    Final publisher's version, 1.1 MB, PDF document

  • Chapter 3

    Final publisher's version, 1.39 MB, PDF document

  • Chapter 4

    Final publisher's version, 847 KB, PDF document

  • Chapter 5

    Final publisher's version, 1.1 MB, PDF document

  • Chapter 6

    Final publisher's version, 1.14 MB, PDF document

  • Chapter 7

    Final publisher's version, 941 KB, PDF document

  • Chapter 8

    Final publisher's version, 564 KB, PDF document

  • References

    Final publisher's version, 434 KB, PDF document

  • Appendix

    Final publisher's version, 7.14 MB, PDF document

  • Complete thesis

    Final publisher's version, 12.2 MB, PDF document

  • Propositions

    Final publisher's version, 10.4 KB, PDF document


Climate change is mainly caused by anthropogenic emissions and can result in loss of biodiversity, population displacement, increased inequality and extreme weather events. To minimize the manifestation of these consequences, changes need to be drastic in the coming decade aiming for a carbon-neutral energy system by mid-century. This research focuses on hydrogen and how it can contribute to achieving this (close to) zero-emissions system. Hydrogen is currently already used in the industrial sector, but has potential to be safely used for transport, power and buildings. It can also be used to produce synthetic fuels that would enable seamless practices for the end consumers while ensuring a low-carbon production upstream. This research looks at all the energy society consumes assessing the optimal technology mix to achieve the low-carbon future and determines where is hydrogen needed, how much does it cost, what technologies are needed and how uncertainties in technological development translate into systemic changes. Hydrogen is the most attractive for heavy-duty long-haul transport applications, industrial use (steel) and production of synthetic oil for aviation and chemical industry. Hydrogen could also be used in cars as complement of electricity or long-term energy storage. Hydrogen will enable to achieve a low-carbon system while contributing to minimum increase in energy prices or the total cost that society needs to pay (through for example carbon tax). Currently hydrogen production and use remain costly and needs public support such as in the form of financing to achieve the scale needed to achieve these low costs.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Faaij, André, Supervisor
  • Zucker, A., Co-supervisor, External person
  • Hubacek, Klaus, Assessment committee
  • van Wijk, A.J.M., Assessment committee, External person
  • Kramer, G.J., Assessment committee, External person
Award date20-Dec-2019
Place of Publication[Groningen]
Print ISBNs978-94-034-2170-4
Electronic ISBNs978-94-034-2169-8
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Download statistics

No data available

ID: 107577829