Working after retirement: Determinants and consequences of bridge employment

Dingemans, E. A. A. 2016 [Groningen]: Rijksuniversiteit Groningen. 155 p.

Research output: ThesisThesis fully internal (DIV)

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  • Title and contents

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  • Chapter 1

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  • Chapter 3

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  • Chapter 6

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  • Appendix

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  • References

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  • Samenvatting

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  • Ellen Anna Antonetta Dingemans
An increasing number of older adults returns to the labor force after (early) retirement. As compared to other European countries, a relatively high share of the Dutch older population, namely one in four, is working after retirement in so-called bridge jobs. Ellen Dingemans worked on this topic of working after retirement as a PhD-candidate at the Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute. She will defend her dissertation on the 9th of March at the University of Groningen.

To increase the understanding of working after retirement and its consequences, Dingemans analyzed survey data for the Netherlands and for 15 other European countries. The Dutch data was collected by the Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute (NIDI-KNAW) between 2001 and 2011 among 2,400 older workers. Additionally, data was used from the large-scale European data collection ‘Survey of Health, Ageing and retirement in Europe’.

Those retirees who participate in paid work are mostly early pensioners, they are often highly educated, and they are in relatively good health. However, the research shows that also among less advantaged retirees, such as those lower educated or in poor health, a substantial minority works after retirement. The most important reason for participating in paid work after retirement is enjoyment. About 15 percent of the retirees works after retirement to meet financial needs and for one out of ten retirees, social contacts are the most important reason to return to paid work. Moreover, some retirees search for paid jobs after their retirement, but are unsuccessful in finding one.

The dissertation research of Dingemans also shows that involuntary retirement as a result of organizational pressures results in a decline in well-being after retirement. For these retirees, returning to paid work – even when it is in a small part-time job – appeared to mitigate this negative drop in well-being. Nonetheless, re-entry into the labor force is difficult for involuntary retirees, since it frequently happens that their search for a new job is not successful.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Henkens, Kène, Supervisor
  • van Solinge, H., Co-supervisor, External person
  • Brouwer, Sandra, Assessment committee
  • van Tilburg, T. G., Assessment committee, External person
  • Graaf, Paul M. de, Assessment committee, External person
Award date9-Mar-2016
Place of Publication[Groningen]
Print ISBNs978-90-367-8561-7
Electronic ISBNs978-90-367-8560-0
StatePublished - 2016

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