Publication

Visual and auditory temporal integration in healthy younger and older adults

Saija, J. D., Başkent, D., Andringa, T. C. & Akyürek, E. G., Jul-2019, In : Psychological Research : An International Journal of Perception, Attention, Memory, and Action. 83, 5, p. 951-967 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

As people age, they tend to integrate successive visual stimuli over longer intervals than younger adults. It may be expected that temporal integration is affected similarly in other modalities, possibly due to general, age-related cognitive slowing of the brain. However, the previous literature does not provide convincing evidence that this is the case in audition. One hypothesis is that the primacy of time in audition attenuates the degree to which temporal integration in that modality extends over time as a function of age. We sought to settle this issue by comparing visual and auditory temporal integration in younger and older adults directly, achieved by minimizing task differences between modalities. Participants were presented with a visual or an auditory rapid serial presentation task, at 40-100 ms/item. In both tasks, two subsequent targets were to be identified. Critically, these could be perceptually integrated and reported by the participants as such, providing a direct measure of temporal integration. In both tasks, older participants integrated more than younger adults, especially when stimuli were presented across longer time intervals. This difference was more pronounced in vision and only marginally significant in audition. We conclude that temporal integration increases with age in both modalities, but that this change might be slightly less pronounced in audition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)951-967
Number of pages17
JournalPsychological Research : An International Journal of Perception, Attention, Memory, and Action
Volume83
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Jul-2019

    Keywords

  • AGE-RELATED-CHANGES, COGNITIVE PROCESSING SPEED, PERCEPTUAL RESTORATION, HEARING, VISION, INFORMATION, SEGREGATION, ATTENTION, SOFTWARE, VOWELS

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