Publication

The association between the NAT2 genetic polymorphisms and risk of DILI during anti-TB treatment: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Zhang, M., Wang, S., Wilffert, B., Tong, R., van Soolingen, D., van den Hof, S. & Alffenaar, J-W., Dec-2018, In : British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. 84, 12, p. 2747-2760 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

Aims Methods The aim of this study is to evaluate the potential association between N-acetyltransferase type 2 (NAT2) polymorphisms and drug-induced liver injury during anti-TB treatment (AT-DILI). We conducted a systematic review and performed a meta-analysis to clarify the role of NAT2 polymorphism in AT-DILI. PubMed, Medline and EMBASE databases were searched for studies published in English to December 31, 2017, on the association between the NAT2 polymorphism and AT-DILI risk. Outcomes were pooled with random-effects meta-analysis. Details were registered in the PROSPERO register (number: CRD42016051722). Results Conclusions Thirty-seven studies involving 1527 cases and 7184 controls were included in this meta-analysis. The overall odds ratio (OR) of AT-DILI associated with NAT2 slow acetylator phenotype was 3.15 (95% CI 2.58-3.84, I-2 = 51.3%, P = 0.000). The OR varied between different ethnic populations, ranging from 6.42 (95% CI 2.41-17.10, I-2 = 2.3%) for the West Asian population to 2.32 (95% CI 0.58-9.24, I-2 = 80.3%) for the European population. Within the slow NAT2 genotype, variation was also observed; NAT2*6/*7 was associated with the highest risk of AT-DILI (OR = 1.68, 95% CI 1.09-2.59) compared to the other slow NAT2 acetylators combined. NAT2 slow acetylation was observed to increase the risk of AT-DILI in tuberculosis patients. Our results support the hypothesis that the slow NAT2 genotype is a risk factor for AT-DILI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2747-2760
Number of pages14
JournalBritish Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Volume84
Issue number12
Early online date26-Jul-2018
Publication statusPublished - Dec-2018

    Keywords

  • antituberculosis drug-induced liver injury, meta-analysis, NAT2, polymorphism, DRUG-INDUCED HEPATOTOXICITY, N-ACETYLTRANSFERASE 2, INDUCED LIVER-INJURY, ISONIAZID-INDUCED HEPATOTOXICITY, ANTITUBERCULOSIS DRUGS, N-ACETYLTRANSFERASE-2 GENE, METABOLIZING-ENZYMES, CYP2E1 POLYMORPHISMS, SUSCEPTIBILITY, TUBERCULOSIS

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