Switching iron sucrose to ferric carboxymaltose associates to better control of iron status in hemodialysis patients

Hofman, J. M. G., Eisenga, M. F., Diepenbroek, A., Nolte, I. M., van Dam, B., Westerhuis, R., Bakker, S. J. L., Franssen, C. F. M. & Gaillard, C. A. J. M., 20-Sep-2018, In : Bmc nephrology. 19, 1, 8 p., 242.

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Background: Although the efficacy of iron sucrose (IS) and ferric carboxymaltose (FCM) in treating anemia in hemodialysis (HD) patients has been studied individually, a comparison of these two intravenous iron formulations has not yet been performed in HD patients.

Methods: We performed a retrospective audit on records of 221 stable HD patients from different HD centers in the Netherlands, who were switched from IS to FCM on a 1: 1 ratio. To assess the effect of the switch on iron status parameters, data from 3 time points before and 3 time points after the switch were analyzed using linear mixed effects models. Subanalyses were done in 2 subgroups of patients anemic or iron deficient at baseline.

Results: Hemoglobin increased in all groups (anemic [1.4 g/dL, P <0.001] iron deficient [0.6 g/dL, P <0.001]), while the weekly iron dose was significantly lower when patients received FCM compared to IS (48 vs 55 mg/week, P = 0.04). Furthermore, serum ferritin and transferrin saturation increased in all groups (anemic [64 mu g/L, 5.0%, P <0.001] iron deficient [76 mu g/L, 3.6%, P <0.001]). Finally, the darbepoetin a dose decreased significantly in all groups (anemic [- 16 mu g/wk., P = 0.01] iron deficient [- 11 mu g/wk., P <0.001]).

Conclusions: In this real-life study in HD patients, a switch from IS to FCM resulted in an improvement of iron status parameters despite a lower weekly dose of FCM. Furthermore, the ESA dose was reduced during FCM, while hemoglobin levels increased.

Original languageEnglish
Article number242
Number of pages8
JournalBmc nephrology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 20-Sep-2018

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