Lifetimes, level energies and light shifts in a single trapped Ba+ Ion

Mohanty, A., 2016, [Groningen]: University of Groningen. 166 p.

Research output: ThesisThesis fully internal (DIV)Academic

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  • Amita Mohanty
A precise measurement of Atomic Parity Violation (APV) in atomic systems aims at the determination
of electroweak mixing Weinberg angle (sin$^{2}theta_{W}$) at low momentum transfer. The precision to
which sin$^{2}theta_{W}$ can be determined depends on the accuracy of the knowledge of
the atomic structure of the trapped and laser cooled simple alkaline earth ionic systems
like Ba$^{+}$ and Ra$^{+}$ and their intrinsic sensitivity to high precision measurements.
Available information on the atomic system Ba$^{+}$ and Ra$^{+}$ and experimental inputs for verification of recent improved
calculations for Ba$^{+}$ wavefunctions is within the scope of this thesis.
The information on the lifetime of the long lived 5d$,^{2}$D$_{5/2}$ state, level energies and
light shifts in the presence of the additional laser field in single Ba$^{+}$ ion is provided with a focus on the experimental conditions
and their influence on the measurements. This information will be further implemented in a single Ra$^{+}$ ion towards APV.
A single ion localized to better than one optical wavelength is a necessary prerequisite for such a precise APV measurement.
With the localized ion, a measurement of light shifts of order a few Hz of Zeeman sublevels of the 7s$,^{2}$S$_{1/2}$ ground state
forms the crucial step towards determination of APV in a single trapped ion.
A single Ba$^{+}$ ion experiment has been constructed and the frequency stabilization techniques
for the employed laser systems have been implemented. The lifetime $tau_{D_{5/2}}$ of the metastable 5d$,^{2}$D$_{5/2}$
state is extensively studied both in single and multiple ions in this setup. These measurements provide for detailed and precise
understanding of the intrinsic atomic structure and enables extraction of atomic wavefunctions
of the involved states. High resolution frequency spectroscopy of the laser cooling transitions 6s$,^{2}$S$_{1/2}$--6p$,^{2}$P$_{1/2}$
and 5d$,^{2}$D$_{3/2}$--6p$,^{2}$P$_{1/2}$ in Ba$^{+}$
with single and multiple trapped and laser cooled ions permits the determination of absolute frequencies of the
relevant transitions to 100$,$kHz accuracy which is more than 100 times better than earlier measurements. This gives an
excellent understanding of the complex spectra of Ba$^{+}$ with an Optical Bloch Equation (OBE) 8-level system.
The spectra are exploited towards observation of light shifts in the 6p$,^{2}$P$_{1/2}$--5d$,^{2}$D$_{3/2}$ transition
in a single Ba$^{+}$ ion for the first time and the systematic effects have been investigated.
The vector and tensor light shifts of the individual Zeeman components for different
6s$,^{2}$S$_{1/2}$--5d$,^{2}$D$_{3/2}$ transitions in Ba$^{+}$ are observed.
Further, extensive studies of these vector and tensor light shifts have been initiated and are currently in progress. This is an excellent step
towards light shift determinations in the Zeeman sublevels of the ground state of a single ion which is crucial
for the precise determination of APV.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
Award date9-Sep-2016
Place of Publication[Groningen]
Print ISBNs978-90-367-9062-8
Electronic ISBNs978-90-367-9060-4
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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