Publication

In de ban van een beter verleden: Het Nederlandse fascisme 1923-1945

Huberts, W. S. 2017 [Groningen]: Rijksuniversiteit Groningen. 300 p.

Research output: ThesisThesis fully internal (DIV)

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Documents

  • Title and contents

    Final publisher's version, 348 KB, PDF-document

  • Chapter 1

    Final publisher's version, 21 MB, PDF-document

  • Chapter 2

    Final publisher's version, 431 KB, PDF-document

    Embargo ends: 09/03/2020

  • Chapter 3

    Final publisher's version, 2 MB, PDF-document

    Embargo ends: 09/03/2020

  • Chapter 4

    Final publisher's version, 304 KB, PDF-document

    Embargo ends: 09/03/2020

  • Chapter 5

    Final publisher's version, 228 KB, PDF-document

  • Samenvatting

    Final publisher's version, 226 KB, PDF-document

  • Résumé

    Final publisher's version, 174 KB, PDF-document

  • Summary

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  • Bijlagen

    Final publisher's version, 298 KB, PDF-document

  • Geraadpleegde bronnen

    Final publisher's version, 168 KB, PDF-document

  • Literatuuropgave

    Final publisher's version, 263 KB, PDF-document

  • Personenregister

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  • Curriculum vitae

    Final publisher's version, 166 KB, PDF-document

  • Complete thesis

    Final publisher's version, 25 MB, PDF-document

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  • Propositions

    Final publisher's version, 117 KB, PDF-document

Links

  • Willy Sjoerd Huberts
'Under the spell of a better past' offers a complete survey of the rise, the flourishing and fall of almost all (over 60) fascist political parties in the Netherlands during the period 1923-1945. It discusses the entire spectrum: from the foundation in 1923 of the Union of Actualists to the fall of the National-Socialist Movement in 1945. Between the World Wars, why did many tens of thousands of Dutch citizens consider themselves fascists? For a good answer, the author focuses on the period 1880-1920, when due to multiple scientific and social innovations, society trembled on its foundations. Those innovations provided the breeding ground for the discontent, the discomfort and displeasure on which fascism could thrive.

The years 1918-1923 are discussed as an 'introductory period'. Dutch fascism arose from persons, parties and currents. In general these were anti-democratic, authoritarian, anti-marxist, anti-anarchist, reactionary-conservative, and strongly revolutionary-nationalist. Next, attention is paid to the common ground between conservatism, fascism and national-socialism. Here, a closer look is taken at the evolution many a Dutch fascist underwent (from conservative via fascist to national-socialist). The author investigates why Dutch fascism ultimately failed in almost all its aims. For unlike Italian and German fascism, Dutch fascism never succeeded in positioning itself as a broad politico-social movement.

Dutch fascism is studied on the basis of four meaningful components: revolution, palingenesis (rebirth), populism and ultra-nationalism. Regarding the component 'revolution', the study shows that it deviates from generic fascism. The case of Dutch fascism proves that political parties can be fascist, though the form in which they do this is not revolutionary – a so far unknown fact.
Original languageDutch
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
Supervisors/Advisors
Award date9-Mar-2017
Place of Publication[Groningen]
Publisher
Print ISBNs978-90-367-9462-6
Electronic ISBNs978-90-367-9461-9
StatePublished - 2017

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