Publication

Comparison of health behaviours between cancer survivors and the general population: a cross-sectional analysis of the Lifelines cohort

Cortés-Ibáñez, F. O., Jaramillo-Calle, D. A., Vinke, P. C., Byambasukh, O., Corpeleijn, E., Sijtsma, A., Eulenburg, C., Vonk, J. M. & de Bock, G. H., 14-Jan-2020, In : Journal of cancer survivorship-Research and practice. 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

PURPOSE: To compare the differences in lifestyle behaviours between cancer survivors (CSs) and cancer-free participants in a large and representative population-based cohort.

METHODS: We included 115,257 adults from the Lifelines cohort. Cancer status was self-reported, and health behaviours were measured (e.g. body mass index [BMI]) or assessed by questionnaire (e.g. physical activity, smoking, alcohol consumption, sedentary behaviour and diet). The data were then categorised for logistic regression analysis, stratified and adjusted by sex and age (< 55 vs ≥ 55 years).

RESULTS: CSs (5473; 4.7%) were diagnosed 9 ± 8.5 years before data collection, were older (mean age 55.4 vs 44.4 years) and more often female (66.6% vs 33.4%) than the cancer-free participants. They were also more likely to be physically active and to have a better diet, and also less likely to be alcohol drinkers; but, were more likely to have a higher BMI, be former smokers and to be sedentary. After adjustment for sex and age, however, BMI was more likely to be normal, physical activity was more likely to be higher and smoking to be prevalent in CSs. Current smoking was also significantly higher among females and those aged < 55 years who were CSs than for those with no history of cancer.

CONCLUSIONS: In this population-based cohort, CSs have health behaviour comparable to those without a cancer diagnosis.

IMPLICATIONS FOR CANCER SURVIVORS: Smoking cessation strategies should target all CSs, but efforts could yield greatest benefit if they target females and those younger than 55 years.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of cancer survivorship-Research and practice
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 14-Jan-2020

ID: 112104297