Publication

Combining Engineered U1 snRNA and Antisense Oligonucleotides to Improve the Treatment of a BBS1 Splice Site Mutation

Breuel, S., Vorm, M., Braeuer, A. U., Owczarek-Lipska, M. & Neidhardt, J., 6-Dec-2019, In : Molecular therapy - Nucleic acids. 18, p. 123-130 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

  • Saskia Breuel
  • Mariann Vorm
  • Anja U. Braeuer
  • Marta Owczarek-Lipska
  • John Neidhardt

Manipulation of pre-mRNA processing is a promising approach toward overcoming disease-causing mutations and treating human diseases. We show that a combined treatment applying two splice-manipulating technologies improves therapeutic efficacies to correct mutation-induced splice defects. Previously, we identified a family affected by retinitis pigmentosa caused by the homozygous BBS1 splice donor site mutation c.479G > A. The mutation leads to both exon 5 skipping and intron 5 retention. We developed a therapeutic approach applying lentivirus-mediated gene delivery of engineered U1 small nuclear RNA (U1), which resulted in increased levels of correctly spliced BBS1. Herein, we show that the therapeutic effect of the engineered U1 efficiently reverted exon skipping but failed to reduce the intron retention. To complement the engineered U1 treatment, we identified four different antisense oligonucleotides (AONs) that block intron 5 retention in BBS1 transcripts. A treatment using engineered U1 in combination with AONs showed the highest therapeutic efficacy and increased the amount of correctly spliced BBS1 transcripts. We did not detect elevated levels of apoptotic cell death in AON-treated cell lines. In conclusion, engineered U1 or AONs provide efficient therapies with complementary effects and can be combined to increase efficacy of therapeutic approaches to correct splice defects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-130
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular therapy - Nucleic acids
Volume18
Publication statusPublished - 6-Dec-2019

    Keywords

  • BARDET-BIEDL-SYNDROME, SMALL NUCLEAR-RNA, GENE THERAPEUTIC APPROACH, CORRECT, RESCUE, DEFECTS, EXPRESSION, STRATEGY, DISEASE, VECTOR

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