Dataset

Preserving subjective wellbeing in the face of psychopathology: Buffering effects of personal strengths and resources

Bos, E. (Creator), Snippe, E. (Creator), Jonge, de, P. (Creator), Jeronimus, B. (Creator), University of Groningen, Dec-2015

Dataset

Description

Background: Many studies on resilience have shown that people can succeed in preserving mental health after a traumatic event. Less is known about whether and how people can preserve subjective wellbeing in the presence of psychopathology. We examined to what extent psychopathology can co-exist with acceptable levels of subjective wellbeing and which personal strengths and resources moderate the association between psychopathology and wellbeing. Methods: Questionnaire data on wellbeing (Manchester Short Assessment of Quality of Life/Happiness Index), psychological symptoms (Depression Anxiety Stress Scales), and personal strengths and resources (humor, Humor Style questionnaire; empathy, Empathy Quotient questionnaire; social company; religion; daytime activities, Living situation questionnaire) were collected in a population-based internet study (HowNutsAreTheDutch; N=12,503). Data of the subset of participants who completed the above questionnaires (n=2411) were used for the present study. Regression analyses were performed to predict wellbeing from symptoms, resources, and their interactions. Results: Satisfactory levels of wellbeing (happiness score 6 or higher) were found in a substantial proportion of the participants with psychological symptoms (58% and 30% of those with moderate and severe symptom levels, respectively). The association between symptoms and wellbeing was large and negative (-0.67, P smaller than .001) but less so in persons with high levels of self-defeating humor and in those with a partner and/or pet. Several of the personal strengths and resources had a positive main effect on wellbeing, especially self-enhancing humor, having a partner, and daytime activities. Conclusions: Cultivating personal strengths and resources, like humor, social/animal company, and daily occupations, may help people preserve acceptable levels of wellbeing despite the presence of symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress. (2015-12-21)

Data used for this research are available from the first author upon request, for the sole purpose of verifying the results.
Date made availableDec-2015
PublisherUniversity of Groningen
Date of data production19-Dec-2013 - 19-Dec-2014
Geographical coverageNetherlands
Access to the dataset Restricted
Contact researchdata@rug.nl

    Keywords on Datasets

  • resilience , protective factors , depression , anxiety , stress
Related Publications
  1. Preserving subjective wellbeing in the face of psychopathology: Buffering effects of personal strengths and resources

    Bos, E. H., Snippe, E., de Jonge, P. & Jeronimus, B. F., 10-Mar-2016, In : PLoS ONE. 11, 3, 14 p., e0150867.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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ID: 49935784