Ark, B. V. (Creator), Gouma, R. (Creator), Timmer, M. (Creator), The Conference Board, 2007


  • National Institute of Economic and Social Research
  • Centre d'études prospectives et d'informations internationales (CEPII)
  • Centre for Economic and Business Research (CEBR)
  • Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis (CPB)
  • Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (DIW)
  • Federaal Planbureau (FPB)
  • Information on the Istituto di Studi e Analisi Economica (ISAE)
  • Instituto Valenciano de Investigationes Económicas (IVIE)
  • Helsinki School of Economics (HSE)
  • Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (WIFO)
  • Wiener Institut für Internationale Wirtschaftsvergleiche
  • AMsterdam Institute for Business and Economic Research, Free University Amsterdam (AMBER)
  • The Conference Board Europe (TCB)
  • Fachhochschule Konstanz (FK)
  • University of Birmingham (UNI-BHAM)
  • Pellervo Economic Research Institute (PTT)


Productivity in the European Union: A Comparative Industry Approach (EU KLEMS, 2003)

This project aims to create a database on measures of economic growth, productivity, employment creation, capital formation and technological change at the industry level for all European Union member states from 1970 onwards. This work will provide an important input to policy evaluation, in particular for the assessment of the goals concerning competitiveness and economic growth potential as established by the Lisbon and Barcelona summit goals. The database should facilitate the sustainable production of high quality statistics using the methodologies of national accounts and input-output analysis. The input measures will include various categories of capital, labour, energy, material and service inputs. Productivity measures will be developed, in particular with growth accounting techniques. Several measures on knowledge creation will also be constructed. Substantial methodological and data research on these measures will be carried out to improve international comparability. There will be ample attention for the development of a flexible database structure, and for the progressive implementation of the database in official statistics over the course of the project. The database will be used for analytical and policy-related purposes, in particular by studying the relationship between skill formation, technological progress and innovation on the one hand, and productivity, on the other. To facilitate this type of analysis a link will also be sought with existing micro (firm level) databases. The balance in academic, statistical and policy input in this project is realised by the participation of 15 organisations from across the EU, representing a mix of academic institutions and national economic policy research institutes and with the support from various statistical offices and the OECD.

This project is funded by the European Commission, Research Directorate General as part of the 6th Framework Programme, Priority 8, "Policy Support and Anticipating Scientific and Technological Needs".

The 2017 update of the EU KLEMS database has been funded by the European Commission under the service contract ECFIN-163-2015/SI2.716986 for the 'Provision of updated EU KLEMS-type data for growth and productivity analysis'. Any errors or omissions are entirely the responsibility of The Conference Board.

For comments and suggestions please send an email to
Date made available2007
PublisherThe Conference Board
Date of data production2004 - 2017
Geographical coverageEurope (28 countries) and USA
Access to the dataset Open

    Keywords on Datasets

  • Productivity, Growth, Economics, National Accounts, Labour, Capital input, Multifactor Productivity
Related Publications
  1. The productivity gap between Europe and the United States: Trends and causes

    van Ark, B., O'Mahony, M. & Timmer, M. P., 2008, In : Journal of Economic Perspectives. 22, 1, p. 25-44 20 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

  2. Catching up or getting stuck? Europe's troubles to exploit ICT's productivity potential

    van Ark, B. & Inklaar, R., 2006, s.n., 38 p.

    Research output: Working paperAcademic

  3. PPPs for Industry Output: A New Dataset for International Comparisons

    Timmer, M., Ypma, G. & van Ark, B. V., 2007, s.n., 57 p.

    Research output: Working paperAcademic

  4. GGDC Productivity Level Database: International Comparisons of Output, Inputs and Productivity at the Industry Level

    Inklaar, R. & Timmer, M. P., 2008, Groningen: GGDC, 81 p. (GGDC Working Papers; vol. GD-104).

    Research output: Working paperAcademic

  5. The Sensitivity of Capital Services Measurement: Measure all assets and the cost of capital

    Inklaar, R., 2008, Groningen: GGDC, 27 p. (GGDC Working Papers; vol. GD-103).

    Research output: Working paperAcademic

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